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date: 07 March 2021


  • Arthur Geoffrey Woodhead
  •  and R. J. A. Wilson


Tauromenium (Ταυρομένιον; mod. Taormina), in eastern Sicily above *Naxos(2), was established in 396/5 bce by the Carthaginian *Himilco(2), who planted there on the site of a small existing settlement (already Hellenized (see hellenism) in the Archaic period, as painted architectural terracottas show) the *Sicels to whom *Dionysius(1) I had given the site of Naxos. Dionysius captured it and refounded it as a Greek city (392). In 358 Andromachus, father of the historian *Timaeus(2), gathered the Naxian refugees there and became tyrant. The Tauromenitans promptly gave support to *Timoleon and *Pyrrhus in 344 and 278. About 316 Tauromenium passed under the control of *Agathocles(1) of Syracuse and about 285 under that of a local tyrant Tyndarion, but under *Hieron (2) II it again formed part of the Syracusan dominions. On his death it submitted to Rome, becoming a civitas foederata (see socii; foedus): its chief magistrates then were stratēgoi.

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