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date: 06 December 2022

Vibenna, Caeliuslocked

Vibenna, Caeliuslocked

  • Howard Hayes Scullard
  •  and Tim Cornell

Extract

Caelius (Caeles)Vibenna, an *Etruscan adventurer who, according to Roman tradition, came to help *Tarquinius Priscus (Tac.Ann. 4. 65; *Romulus according to *Varro, Ling. 5. 46; Paul.–Fest. 38 L) and settled with his followers on the hill which later bore his name (the *Caelius mons). He and his brother, Aulus, were also well-known figures in Etruscan tradition. They are represented on funerary urns from Chiusi (Brunn–Körte, Urne etrusche 2. 254 ff.) and a bronze mirror from Bolsena (BMC Bronzes, no. 633), but most famously in the François tomb-painting from *Vulci (late 4th cent. bce) which shows Caeles Vibenna being released by his friend *Mastarna, while Aulus Vibenna and other companions dispatch their adversaries, who include a Cn. Tarquinius from Rome. The name Aules V(i)pinas appears on a 5th-cent. Etruscan red-figure cup of unknown provenance (CVA France, no. 16), and may be evidence of a hero-cult; on the other hand, a votive bucchero vase from Veii inscribed Avile Vipiiennas (Villa Giulia inv.

Subjects

  • Roman History and Historiography

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