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date: 02 December 2020

Raetic languagefree

  • John Penney

Updated in this version

Bibliography updated.

The name is a conventional label applied to the language of some 220 very short inscriptions from the Alpine region to the north of Verona. These date from the 5th to 1st centuries bce and are written in an alphabet of Etruscan origin on bronze objects, antlers, or ceramics. The texts are not completely understood, but from certain similarities in vocabulary, and especially in the formation and declension of personal names, it has been shown that the language is related to Etruscan.


  • Helmut Rix. Rätisch und Etruskisch. Innsbruck, Austria: Institut für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität Innsbruck, 1998.
  • Stefan Schumacher. Die rätischen Inschriften: Geschichte und heutiger Stand der Forschung, 2nd ed. Innsbruck, Austria: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen der Universität Innsbruck, 2004.