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date: 03 December 2020


  • Stephen Hodkinson


Spartan admiral, 412/411 bce, blamed (perhaps unfairly, given difficult circumstances) by contemporaries and modern scholars for Sparta's early failures in the Ionian War (see peloponnesian war). Lacking adequate resources, he failed to sustain the revolt of *Lesbos. Following a quarrel he refused *Chios' requests for help; complaints from their *harmost Pedaritus prompted a commission to scrutinize him and share control of policy. His subsequent unwillingness to engage the Athenians without overwhelming superiority and inability to extract sufficient pay from *Tissaphernes caused serious grievance among his fleet and (probably unfounded) accusations of bribery.

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