- Sheppard S. Frere
- and Martin Millett
Atrebates (2), an offshoot of a Gaulish tribe which had probably entered Britain before 54 bce and occupied a region between the Thames, the Test, and West Sussex. Successive rulers recorded by coins were *Commius, *Tincommius, Eppillus, and Verica; the last three appear to have had treaties with Rome. After 43 ce part at least of the area was ruled by Ti. *Claudius Cogidubnus, but eventually three *civitates were created: (a) of the Atrebates with its capital at *Calleva Atrebatum (Silchester), (b) of the *Belgae with its capital at Venta (Winchester), (c) of the *Reg(i)ni with its capital at Noviomagus (Chichester). An imperial tile-works of the reign of Nero existed at Pamber. Silchester was the site of a pre-Roman oppidum founded in the 1st cent. bce and Chichester also lay within iron age earthworks. Evidence for immediately pre-Roman occupation at Winchester is well understood.
- Roman History and Historiography