Welcome to the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

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Letter from the editor

Analog Models for Empirical-Statistical Downscaling

"Global climate models (GCM) are fundamental tools for weather forecasting and climate predictions at different time scales, from intraseasonal prediction to climate change projections. Their design allows GCMs to simulate the global climate adequately, but they are not able to skillfully simulate local/regional climates. ..." – By María Laura Bettolli

Elevation-Dependent Climate Change in the European Alps

"Embedded in global warming, the Alps have seen temperatures increase faster than surrounding lowland Europe. A basic explanation for this is the fact that high elevation ground surfaces absorb more solar radiation than the atmosphere at the same elevation, and they have a more intense energy exchange by turbulent mixing. ..." – By Michael Kuhn and Marc Olefs

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