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Letter from the editor

Climatic Determinism and the Conceptualization of the Tropics in British India

"The geographic concept of tropicality emerged as an operative tool in the colonizing efforts of the European powers in the 18th and 19th centuries. Since the colonizing encounters proved fatal for many Europeans in South Asia, particularly during the initial phase of settlement when their mortality rate was far higher than that of the natives, attempts were made to understand the impact of the tropical climate upon the Western constitution. ..." – By Rituparna Ray Chowdhury

Climate Change and Glacier Reaction in the European Alps

"Glaciers are particularly apparent indicators of the changing climate of the Earth. They respond to system changes of the climate with high sensitivity. However, they do not respond directly to atmospheric forcing by changing their glacier extent (the glacier length). As atmospheric forcing experiences a “low-pass filtering” by the glacier reaction, changes in the glacier extent primarily reflect slow atmospheric fluctuations and thus changes in the climate, and in particular, on longer time scales. ..." – By Wolfgang Schöner

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