Welcome to the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

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Letter from the editor

CO₂ in the Atmosphere: Growth and Trends Since 1850


“This article provides an overview of CO2 monitoring programs and what they tell about large-scale biogeochemical change..." – By Michel Ramonet, Abhishek Chatterjee, Philippe Ciais, Ingeborg Levin, Mahesh Kumar Sha, Martin Steinbacher and Colm Sweeney 

Perspectives From Coastal Ecosystems Through the Lens of Climate Change


"Climate change impacts coastal ecosystems and the humans who live and work in these regions. The coastal ecosystem, or the coastal zone, is defined as the margin between land, air, and ocean where complex interactions occur between living and nonliving parts of the system. ..." – By Kristy A. Lewis, Giovanna McClenachan, Kristin DeMarco, Jennifer Salerno and Katherine Thompson

What's New to the OREs

In January 2024, 88 full new articles, 7 revised articles, and 12 summary articles, spread across 21 subjects, were published on the Oxford Research Encylopedias platform.

Find out more about the newest discipline to be added: the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Food Studies.

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On January 30, after a successful free period during development, the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Physics has been made available via subscription and perpetual access to libraries and institutions worldwide.

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