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date: 02 April 2023

Climate and Coast: Overview and Introductionlocked

Climate and Coast: Overview and Introductionlocked

  • Hans von Storch, Hans von StorchInstitute of Coastal Systems, Helmholtz Center Geesthacht and Meteorological Institute of the University of Hamburg
  • Katja Fennel, Katja FennelDalhousie University
  • Jürgen Jensen, Jürgen JensenUniversity of Siegen
  • Kristy A. Lewis, Kristy A. LewisUniversity of Central Florida
  • Beate Ratter, Beate RatterInstitute of Coastal Systems, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht Centre for Materials and Coastal Research
  • Torsten Schlurmann, Torsten SchlurmannThe Leibniz University Hannover
  • Thomas WahlThomas WahlUniversity of Central Florida
  •  and Wenyan ZhangWenyan ZhangInstitute of Coastal Systems, Helmholtz Center Geesthacht


Coasts are those regions of the world where the land has an impact on the state of the sea, and that part of the land is in turn affected by the sea. This land–sea interaction may take various forms—geophysical, biological, chemical, sociocultural, and economic. Coasts are conditioned by specific regional conditions. These unique characteristics result, in heavily fragmented regional and disciplinary research agendas, among them geographers, meteorologists, oceanographers, coastal engineers, and a variety of social and cultural sciences.

Coasts are regions where the effects and risks of climate impact societal and ecological life. Such occurrences as coastal flooding, storms, saltwater intrusion, invasive species, declining fish stocks, and coastal retreat and morphological change are challenging natural resource managers and local governments to mitigate these impacts. Societies are confronted with the challenge of dealing with these changes and hazards by developing appropriate cultural practices and technical measures.

Key aspects and concepts of these dimensions are presented here and will be examined in more detail in the future to expand on their characteristics and significance.


  • Climate Impact: Marine Ecosystems
  • Climate Impact: Sea Level Rise
  • Climate and Coasts

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