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Portrayal and Impacts of Climate Change in Advertising and Consumer Campaigns  

Lucy Atkinson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Climate change specifically and the environment more generally are becoming increasingly central features in much of contemporary persuasive messages. From World Wildlife Fund public ... More

Post-Glacial Baltic Sea Ecosystems  

Ilppo Vuorinen

Post-glacial aquatic ecosystems in Eurasia and North America, such as the Baltic Sea, evolved in the freshwater, brackish, and marine environments that fringed the melting glaciers. ... More

Predictability of Decadal Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation Variations  

Florian Sévellec and Bablu Sinha

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
The Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) is a large, basin-scale circulation located in the Atlantic Ocean that transports climatically important quantities of heat ... More

Predictability of El Niño-Southern Oscillation Events  

Wansuo Duan and Mu Mu

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This article retrospects the studies of the predictability of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events within the framework of error growth dynamics and reviews the results of previous ... More

Predictability of Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD)  

Jing-Jia Luo

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Projections for Temperature, Precipitation, Wind, and Snow in the Baltic Sea Region until 2100  

Ole Bøssing Christensen and Erik Kjellström

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
The ecosystems and the societies of the Baltic Sea region are quite sensitive to fluctuations in climate, and therefore it is expected that anthropogenic climate change will affect the ... More

Psychological Challenges in Communicating about Climate Change and Its Uncertainites  

Emily H. Ho, David V. Budescu, and Han Hui Por

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The overwhelming majority of the scientific community agrees that climate change (CC) is occurring and is caused by anthropogenic, or human-caused, forcing. The global populace is aware of ... More

Psychological, Social, and Cultural Barriers to Communicating about Climate Change  

Nathaniel Geiger, Brianna Middlewood, and Janet Swim

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Given the severity of the threat posed by climate change, why is large-scale societal action to decarbonize our energy systems not more widespread? The present article examines four ... More

Public Knowledge, Scientific Literacy, Numeracy, and Perceptions of Climate Change  

Jaime Gilden and Ellen Peters

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
It is a widely accepted scientific fact that our climate is changing and that this change is caused by human activity. Despite the scientific consensus, many individuals in the United ... More

Quaternary Climate Variation in West Africa  

Timothy M. Shanahan

West Africa is among the most populated regions of the world, and it is predicted to continue to have one of the fastest growing populations in the first half of the 21st century. More ... More

Quaternary Climate Variation in Eastern Africa  

Thomas C. Johnson

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The people of East Africa are particularly vulnerable to the whims of their regional climate. A rapidly growing population depends heavily on rain-fed agriculture, and when the rains ... More

Quaternary Climate Variation in Southern Africa  

David S. G. Thomas

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Quaternary paleoclimate reconstructions in tropical-subtropical southern Africa (taken here as approximately south of latitude 17oS) require both knowledge of the key relevant elements of ... More

Race, Class, Gender and Climate Change Communication  

Adam R. Pearson, Matthew T. Ballew, Sarah Naiman, and Jonathon P. Schuldt

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Interest in the audience factors that shape the processing of climate change messaging has risen over the past decade, as evidenced by dozens of studies demonstrating message effects that ... More

Regional Climate Modeling and Air-Sea Coupling  

Corinna Schrum

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Regional models were originally developed to serve weather forecasting and regional process studies. Typical simulations encompass time periods in the order of days or weeks. Thereafter ... More

Regional History of Settlement and Human Impacts in the Baltic Sea Region over the Last 2000 Years  

Mika Lavento

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The Baltic Sea catchment area extends from the upper course of the Elbe in the Czech Republic to northernmost Lapland where the Tornionjoki river (Sw. Torneälven = Lake Torne) marks the ... More

The Relationships Between Climate Change News Coverage, Policy Debate, and Societal Decisions  

D. B. Tindall, Mark C.J. Stoddart, and Candis Callison

This article considers the relationship between news media and the sociopolitical dimensions of climate change. Media can be seen as sites where various actors contend with one another for ... More

Religious Identity, Beliefs, and Views about Climate Change  

Sonya Sachdeva

Online publication date:
Sep 2016
People can take extraordinary measures to protect that which they view as sacred. They may refuse financial gain, engage in bloody, inter-generational conflicts, mount hunger strikes and ... More

Russian Meteorological Investigations in China in the 19th Century  

Tatiana Feklova

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
The history of the Russian Magneto-Meteorological Observatory (RMMO) in Beijing has not been extensively researched. Sources for this information are Russian (the Russian State Historical ... More

Scientists’ Views about Public Engagement and Science Communication in the Context of Climate Change  

John Besley and Anthony Dudo

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Scientists who study issues such as climate change are often called on by both their colleagues and broader society to share what they know and why it matters. Many are willing to do ... More

Shifting Roles of Science Journalists Covering Climate Change  

Michael Brüggemann

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Climate journalism is a moving target. Driven by its changing technological and economic contexts, challenged by the complex subject matter of climate change, and immersed in a polarized ... More