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Ocean Mixing  

Carl Wunsch

Oceanic mixing is one of the major determinants of the ocean circulation and its climatological influences. Existing distributions of mixing properties determine the rates of storage and ... More

Online and Social Media Campaigns For Climate Change Engagement  

Alexandra Segerberg

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Communication campaigns play a key role in shaping what people think, feel, and do about climate change, and help shape public agendas at the local, national, and international levels. As ... More

Participatory and Deliberative Approaches to Climate Change  

Gwendolyn Blue

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Participation by citizens and stakeholder groups is an important aspect of climate governance at the regional, national, international, and global levels. Increasing awareness of ... More

Partisan Cueing and Polarization in Public Opinion About Climate Change  

Deborah Lynn Guber

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Despite an accumulation of scientific evidence on both the causes and consequences of climate change, U.S. public opinion on the subject has splintered sharply along party lines. While a ... More

Perceived Temporal and Geographic Distance and Public Opinion about Climate Change  

Rachel I. McDonald

Online publication date:
Sep 2016
There is mounting scientific evidence linking extreme weather events such as wildfires in the western United States and Hurricane Sandy with anthropogenic climate change. However, those in ... More

Personal Experience, Extreme Weather Events, and Perceptions of Climate Change  

Christopher P. Borick and Barry G. Rabe

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The factors that determine individual perceptions of climate change have been a focus of social science research for many years. An array of studies have found that individual-level ... More

Poland’s Climate in the Last Millennium  

Rajmund Przybylak

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
The reconstruction of climate in Poland in the past millennium, as measured by several kinds of proxy data, is more complete than that of many other regions in Europe and the world. In ... More

Political Participation and Voting Relevant to Climate Change  

Emily K. Vraga

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Political participation on the issue of climate change can encompass many different forms of individual and collective actions designed to affect governmental policies. At the most basic ... More

Portrayal and Impacts of Climate Change in Advertising and Consumer Campaigns  

Lucy Atkinson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Climate change specifically and the environment more generally are becoming increasingly central features in much of contemporary persuasive messages. From World Wildlife Fund public ... More

Post-Glacial Baltic Sea Ecosystems  

Ilppo Vuorinen

Post-glacial aquatic ecosystems in Eurasia and North America, such as the Baltic Sea, evolved in the freshwater, brackish, and marine environments that fringed the melting glaciers. Warming ... More

Predictability of Decadal Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation Variations  

Florian Sévellec and Bablu Sinha

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
The Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) is a large, basin-scale circulation located in the Atlantic Ocean that transports climatically important quantities of heat northward. ... More

Predictability of El Niño-Southern Oscillation Events  

Wansuo Duan and Mu Mu

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This article retrospects the studies of the predictability of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events within the framework of error growth dynamics and reviews the results of previous ... More

Predictability of Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD)  

Jing-Jia Luo

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science. Please check back later for the full article. The ... More

Projected Oceanographical Changes in the Baltic Sea until 2100  

H.E. Markus Meier and Sofia Saraiva

In this article, the concepts and background of regional climate modeling of the future Baltic Sea are summarized and state-of-the-art projections, climate change impact studies, and ... More

Projections for Temperature, Precipitation, Wind, and Snow in the Baltic Sea Region until 2100  

Ole Bøssing Christensen and Erik Kjellström

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
The ecosystems and the societies of the Baltic Sea region are quite sensitive to fluctuations in climate, and therefore it is expected that anthropogenic climate change will affect the ... More

Psychological Challenges in Communicating about Climate Change and Its Uncertainites  

Emily H. Ho, David V. Budescu, and Han Hui Por

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The overwhelming majority of the scientific community agrees that climate change (CC) is occurring and is caused by anthropogenic, or human-caused, forcing. The global populace is aware of ... More

Psychological, Social, and Cultural Barriers to Communicating about Climate Change  

Nathaniel Geiger, Brianna Middlewood, and Janet Swim

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Given the severity of the threat posed by climate change, why is large-scale societal action to decarbonize our energy systems not more widespread? The present article examines four ... More

Public Knowledge, Scientific Literacy, Numeracy, and Perceptions of Climate Change  

Jaime Gilden and Ellen Peters

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
It is a widely accepted scientific fact that our climate is changing and that this change is caused by human activity. Despite the scientific consensus, many individuals in the United ... More

Quaternary Climate Variation in West Africa  

Timothy M. Shanahan

West Africa is among the most populated regions of the world, and it is predicted to continue to have one of the fastest growing populations in the first half of the 21st century. More than ... More

Quaternary Climate Variation in Eastern Africa  

Thomas C. Johnson

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The people of East Africa are particularly vulnerable to the whims of their regional climate. A rapidly growing population depends heavily on rain-fed agriculture, and when the rains ... More

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