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Climate Dynamics of ENSO Modoki Phenomena  

Swadhin Behera and Toshio Yamagata

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
The El Niño Modoki/La Niña Modoki (ENSO Modoki) is a newly acknowledged face of ocean-atmosphere coupled variability in the tropical Pacific Ocean. The oceanic and atmospheric conditions ... More

Climate, History, and Social Change in Sweden and the Baltic Sea Area From About 1700  

Sven Lilja

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The growing concern about global warming has turned focus in Sweden and other Baltic countries toward the connection between history and climate. Important steps have been taken in the ... More

Climate in the Barents Region  

Rasmus Benestad

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The Barents Sea is a region of the Arctic Ocean named after one of its first known explorers (1594–1597), Willem Barentsz from the Netherlands, although there are accounts of earlier ... More

Climate Multilateralism  

Eduardo Viola and Joana Castro Pereira

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Climate of Eastern Africa  

Pierre Camberlin

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Eastern Africa, classically presented as a major dry climate anomaly region in the otherwise wet equatorial belt, is a transition zone between the monsoon domains of West Africa and the ... More

Climate of Southern Africa  

C.J.C. Reason

Southern Africa extends from the equator to about 34°S and is essentially a narrow, peninsular land mass bordered to its south, west, and east by oceans. Its termination in the mid-ocean ... More

Climate of the Mediterranean Region  

Ricardo García-Herrera and David Barriopedro

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
The Mediterranean is a semi-enclosed sea surrounded by Europe to the north, Asia to the east, and Africa to the south. It covers an area of approximately 2.5 million km2, between 30–46 °N ... More

Climate of the Sahel and West Africa  

Sharon E. Nicholson

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
This article provides an in-depth look at all aspects of the climate of the Sahel, including the pervasive dust in the Sahelian atmosphere. Emphasis is on two aspects: West African monsoon ... More

Climate of Western and Central Equatorial Africa  

Amin Dezfuli

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Western and Central Equatorial Africa (WCEA), home to the Congo rainforests, is the green heart of the otherwise dry continent of Africa. Despite its crucial role in the Earth system, ... More

Climate Policy and Governance across Africa  

Opha Pauline Dube

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Climatic Changes and Cultural Responses During the African Humid Period Recorded in Multi-Proxy Data  

David McGee and Peter B. deMenocal

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
The expansion and intensification of summer monsoon precipitation in North and East Africa during the African Humid Period (AHP; c. 15,000–5,000 years before present) is recorded by a wide ... More

Clustering Techniques in Climate Analysis  

David M. Straus

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Clustering techniques are used in the analysis of weather and climate to identify discrete groups of atmospheric and oceanic structures and evolutions that occur more frequently than would ... More

Cognitive Biases, Non-Rational Judgments, and Public Perceptions of Climate Change  

Lisa Zaval and James F. M. Cornwell

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
In recent years, scientists have identified cognitive processes that short-circuit our deliberative faculties. In the domain of climate change in particular, a number of psychological ... More

Communicating about Biodiversity, Public Engagement, and Climate Change  

Mikko Rask and Richard Worthington

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The term public engagement (PE) refers to processes that provide a distinct role for citizens or stakeholder groups in policymaking. Such engagement is distinctive because it aims to ... More

Communicating about Biofuels and Climate Change  

Michael A. Cacciatore

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Biofuels are produced from biomass, which is any organic matter that can be burned or otherwise used to produce heat or energy. While not a new technology—biofuels have been around for ... More

Communicating about Carbon Capture and Storage  

Amanda Boyd

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) has emerged as a potential strategy for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. It involves the capture of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from large point ... More

Communicating about Carbon Taxes and Emissions Trading Programs  

Erick Lachapelle

In debates surrounding policy options for mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, economists of various political stripes are near unanimous in their advocacy of putting a price on ... More

Communicating About Clean Energy and Efficiency Policies  

Matthew A. Shapiro, Toby Bolsen, and Anna McCaghren Fleming

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Public opinion plays a central role in determining the feasibility of efforts to transform energy systems in the coming years, yet scholarship on communication effects and public opinion ... More

Communicating About Climate Change, Natural Gas Development, and “Fracking”: U.S. and International Perspectives  

Christopher E. Clarke, Dylan Budgen, Darrick T.N. Evensen, Richard C. Stedman, Hilary S. Boudet, and Jeffrey B. Jacquet

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The impacts associated with unconventional natural gas development (UGD) via hydraulic fracturing have generated considerable controversy and introduced terms such as “fracking” into the ... More

Communicating about Climate Change with Corporate Leaders and Stakeholders  

Andrew J. Hoffman

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Within the corporate sector, climate change represents an unfolding market shift, one that is driven by policy but also by pressures from a variety of market constituents such as ... More

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