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Countering Climate Science Denial and Communicating Scientific Consensus  

John Cook

Scientific agreement on climate change has strengthened over the past few decades, with around 97% of publishing climate scientists agreeing that human activity is causing global warming. ... More

The 1.5°C Target, Political Implications, and the Role of BECCS  

Sabine Fuss

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
The 2°C target for global warming had been under severe scrutiny in the run-up to the climate negotiations in Paris in 2015 (COP21). Clearly, with a remaining carbon budget of 470–1,020 ... More

Desertification and Re-Greening of the Sahel  

Rasmus Fensholt, Cheikh Mbow, Martin Brandt, and Kjeld Rasmussen

In the past 50 years, human activities and climatic variability have caused major environmental changes in the semi-arid Sahelian zone and desertification/degradation of arable lands is of ... More

Determinants and Measurement of Climate Change Risk Perception, Worry, and Concern  

Sander van der Linden

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Individuals, both within and between different countries, vary substantially in the extent to which they view climate change as a risk. What could explain such variation in climate change ... More

The Development of Climate Science of the Baltic Sea Region  

Anders Omstedt

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Dramatic climate changes have occurred in the Baltic Sea region caused by changes in orbital movement in the earth–sun system and the melting of the Fennoscandian Ice Sheet. Added to these ... More

Discourse Analysis in Climate Change Communication  

Nelya Koteyko and Dimitrinka Atanasova

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Discourse analysis is an interdisciplinary field of inquiry that has been increasingly used by climate change communication scholars since the late 1990s. In its broadest sense, discourse ... More

Documentary and Edutainment Portrayals of Climate Change and Their Societal Impacts  

Kathryn E. Cooper and Erik C. Nisbet

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
As climate change becomes an increasingly serious problem, mass media are tasked with educating the public. Documentary films and television shows (also called “edutainment”) have been ... More

Downscaling Climate Information  

Rasmus Benestad

What are the local consequences of a global climate change? This question is important for proper handling of risks associated with weather and climate. It also tacitly assumes that there ... More

Downscaling Wind  

S.C. Pryor and A.N. Hahmann

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Subject:
Downscaling
Winds within the atmospheric boundary layer (i.e., near to Earth’s surface) vary across a range of scales from a few meters and sub-second timescales (i.e., the scales of turbulent ... More

Dynamical Downscaling  

Filippo Giorgi

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Dynamics of the Indian Summer Monsoon Climate  

B.N. Goswami and Soumi Chakravorty

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Lifeline for about one-sixth of the world’s population in the subcontinent, the Indian summer monsoon (ISM) is an integral part of the annual cycle of the winds (reversal of winds with ... More

Ecohydrological Concepts of Water-Vegetation Interaction in the Drylands of Africa  

A. Johannes Dolman, Luis U. Vilasa-Abad, and Thomas A. J. Janssen

Drylands cover around 40% of the land surface on Earth and are inhabited by more than 2 billion people, who are directly dependent on these lands. Drylands are characterized by a highly ... More

Economic Conditions and Public Opinion on Climate Change  

Salil Benegal and Lyle Scruggs

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
How do economic conditions affect public opinion about climate change? Since the early days of the modern environmental movement, people have debated three main perspectives on how ... More

Economic, Technological, and Organizational Factors Influencing News Coverage of Climate Change  

Timothy A. Gibson

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Over the past two decades, the global news industry has embarked upon a major project of economic, organizational, and technological restructuring. In organizational terms, successive ... More

Effects of Climate Change and Fisheries on the Marine Ecosystem of the Baltic Sea  

Christian Möllmann

Climate change and fisheries have significantly changed the Baltic Sea ecosystem, with the demise of Eastern Baltic cod (Gadus morhua callarias) being the signature development. Cod in the ... More

Effects of Rapid Climate Change on Violence and Conflict  

Courtney Plante, Johnie J. Allen, and Craig A. Anderson

Given the dire nature of many researchers’ predictions about the effects of global climate change (e.g., rising sea levels, droughts, more extreme weather), it comes as little surprise ... More

Effects of Social Media Use on Climate Change Opinion, Knowledge, and Behavior  

Ashley A. Anderson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Early research on the relationship between social media use and its relationship to climate change opinion, knowledge, and behavior suggests several positive impacts. Social media ... More

Effects of TV and Cable News Viewing on Climate Change Opinion, Knowledge, and Behavior  

Lauren Feldman

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
For the general public, the news media are an important source of information about climate change. They have significant potential to influence public understanding and perceptions of the ... More

Elevation-Dependent Climate Change in the Tibetan Plateau  

Xiaodong Liu and Libin Yan

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
As a unique and high gigantic plateau, the Tibetan Plateau (TP) is sensitive and vulnerable to global climate change, and its climate change tendencies and the corresponding impact on ... More

Elite News Coverage of Climate Change  

Maxwell Boykoff and Gesa Luedecke

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
During the past three decades, elite news media have become influential translators of climate change linking science, policy, and the citizenry. Historical trends in public ... More

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