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Energetics of the Climate System  

Jin-Song von Storch

The energetics considerations based on Lorenz’s available potential energy A focus on identification and quantification of processes capable of converting ... More

Energy Innovation and Policy  

John A. Alic

Published Online:
Jun 2017
Stabilizing atmospheric greenhouse gases will require very large reductions in energy-related carbon dioxide emissions. This can be achieved only through continuous innovation, aggressive ... More

Engaging with Climate Change Imagery  

Saffron O'Neill

Published Online:
Oct 2017
Images are a key part of the climate change communication process. The diverse and interdisciplinary literature on how people engage with visual representations of climate change is ... More

Entertainment Film and TV Portrayals of Climate Change and Their Societal Impacts  

Anthony Dudo, Jacob Copple, and Lucy Atkinson

Published Online:
Sep 2017
Although there is an abundance of social scientific research focused on public opinion and climate change, there remains much to learn about how individuals come to understand, feel, and ... More

Ethics for Climate Change Communicators  

Michael Lamb

Published Online:
Sep 2017
Over the last decade, scholars have devoted significant attention to making climate change communication more effective but less attention to ensuring that it is ethical. This neglect ... More

The Evolution of International Policy on REDD+  

Margaret M. Skutsch

The clean development mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol did not cover projects to reduce emissions from deforestation in developing countries. The reasons were in part technical (the ... More

Evolving Paradigms of Climatic Processes and Atmospheric Circulation Affecting Africa  

Sharon E. Nicholson

Classic paradigms describing meteorological phenomena and climate have changed dramatically over the last half-century. This is particularly true for the continent of Africa. Our ... More

Fear Appeals in Climate Change Communication  

Joseph P. Reser and Graham L. Bradley

Published Online:
Sep 2017
There is a strong view among climate change researchers and communicators that the persuasive tactic of arousing fear in order to promote precautionary motivation and behavior is neither ... More

Forecasting Severe Convective Storms  

Stephen Corfidi

Published Online:
Jul 2017
Forecasting severe convective weather remains one of the most challenging tasks facing operational meteorology today, especially in the mid-latitudes, where severe convective storms occur ... More

Formation and Development of Convective Storms  

R. J. Trapp

Published Online:
Apr 2018
Cumulus clouds are pervasive on earth, and play important roles in the transfer of energy through the atmosphere. Under certain conditions, shallow, nonprecipitating cumuli may grow ... More

Frame Analysis in Climate Change Communication  

Mike S. Schäfer and Saffron O'Neill

Published Online:
Sep 2017
Framing—selecting certain aspects of a given issue and making them more salient in communication in order to “frame” the issue in a specific way—is a key concept in the study of ... More

Framing of Climate Change in United States Science Education  

K.C. Busch

Published Online:
May 2017
Although future generations—starting with today’s youth—will bear the brunt of negative effects related to climate change, some research suggests that they have little concern about ... More

Future Climate Change in the Baltic Sea Region and Environmental Impacts  

Jouni Räisänen

The warming of the global climate is expected to continue in the 21st century, although the magnitude of change depends on future anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and the sensitivity ... More

Geographies of Climate Change Belief  

Debbie Hopkins and Ezra M. Markowitz

Published Online:
Sep 2017
Despite scientific consensus on the anthropogenic causation of climate change, and ever-growing knowledge on the biophysical impacts of climate change, there is large variability in public ... More

Global Environmental Change and the New Social Contract for Research  

Noel Castree

Published Online:
Feb 2019
Humans are altering the hydrosphere, cryosphere, lithosphere, biosphere, and atmosphere in unprecedented ways. Since the late 1980s, a range of geoscience disciplines (such as climatology ... More

“Global Warming” versus “Climate Change” and the Influence of Labeling on Public Perceptions  

Jonathon P. Schuldt

Published Online:
Sep 2016
Communicating about climate change involves more than choices about which content to convey and how to convey it. It also involves a choice about how to label the issue itself, given the ... More

Governance Arrangements for Adaptation to Climate Change  

Catrien Termeer, Arwin van Buuren, Art Dewulf, Dave Huitema, Heleen Mees, Sander Meijerink, and Marleen van Rijswick

Published Online:
Oct 2017
Adaptation to climate change is not only a technical issue; above all, it is a matter of governance. Governance is more than government and includes the totality of interactions in which ... More

The Great Green Wall in the Sahel  

Cheikh Mbow

For several decades, the Sahelian countries have been facing continuing rainfall shortages, which, coupled with anthropogenic factors, have severely disrupted the great ecological balance, ... More

Guilt and Shame in U.S. Climate Change Communication  

Jennifer Jacquet

Published Online:
Apr 2017
Some of the major misconceptions in the United States about climate change—such as the focus on scientific uncertainty, the “debate” over whether climate change is caused by humans, and ... More

Hail and Hailstorms  

Julian Brimelow

Published Online:
Oct 2018
Hail has been identified as the largest contributor to insured losses from thunderstorms globally, with losses costing the insurance industry billions of dollars each year. Yet, of all ... More

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