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Media and Emotion  

Robin L. Nabi

Emotion has been incorporated into media effects research in multiple ways, which can be broadly summarized as considering emotion as a predictor of media selection, an outcome of media ... More

Media Constructions of Culture, Race, and Ethnicity  

Travis L. Dixon, Kristopher R. Weeks, and Marisa A. Smith

Racial stereotypes flood today’s mass media. Researchers investigate these stereotypes’ prevalence, from news to entertainment. Black and Latino stereotypes draw particular concern, ... More

Media Convergence Policy Issues  

Robin Mansell

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Digital technologies are frequently said to have converged. This claim may be made with respect to the technologies themselves or to restructuring of the media industry over time. ... More

Media Entertainment and Emotions  

Ed S. Tan

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Entertainment is fun, and fun is an emotion. What fun is as an emotion, and how it depends on features of entertainment messages and on other emotions, needs to be understood if we want to ... More

Media Literacy  

Renee Hobbs

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication. Please check back later for the full article. The ... More

Media Literacy as a Consideration in Health and Risk Message Design  

Yvonnes Chen and Joseph Erba

Media literacy describes the ability to access, analyze, evaluate, and produce media messages. As media messages can influence audiences’ attitudes and behaviors toward various topics, ... More

Media Ownership and Journalism  

Helle Sjøvaag and Jonas Ohlsson

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Media ownership is of interest to research on journalism due to the assumption that ownership can have an impact of the contents and practices of journalism. Ownership of news media take ... More

Media Portrayals and Effects: African Americans  

Riva Tukachinsky

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Content analyses demonstrate continuing improvement in media representations of African Americans. However, research suggests that the progress is uneven across various media and genres, ... More

Media Portrayals and Effects: Latinos  

Alexander Sink and Dana Mastro

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The media have long been criticized for the manner in which racial and ethnic groups have been (and continue to be) represented in its content. Characterizations of Latinos are no ... More

Media Systems and Journalism  

Paolo Mancini

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
In the early days of media studies researchers essentially devoted their attention to the effects of the media message. This has led to a major focus on the choices of single individuals ... More

Media Technologies in Communication and Critical Cultural Studies  

Ned O'Gorman

Media technologies are at the heart of media studies in communication and critical cultural studies. They have been studied in too many ways to count and from a wide variety of ... More

Mediated Contact  

Nick Joyce

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Mediated contact involves exposing audiences to people from other social groups (ethnic, religious, political, etc.) through media. It is an extension of intergroup contact theory, one of ... More

Media Use in a Political Context: An Intergroup Communication Perspective  

Mei-Chen Lin and Paul Haridakis

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Individuals’ political membership of and identification with their political parties or ideologies influence how they interact with members of their own group/party (ingroup) and other ... More

Memory for Media Content in Health Communication  

Soyoon Kim and Brian G. Southwell

Typical discussion about the success of mediated health communication campaigns focuses on the direct and indirect links between remembered campaign exposure and outcomes; yet, what ... More

Mental Models of Risk  

Ann Bostrom

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Mental models of health risks are the causal beliefs that comprise one’s inference engines for the interpretation and prediction of health and illness experiences and messages. Mental ... More

Message Convergence Framework Applied to Health and Risk Messaging  

Kathryn E. Anthony, Timothy L. Sellnow, Steven J. Venette, and Sean P. Fourney

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Much current scholarship in the realm of information processing and decision making, particularly in the context of health risks, is derived from the logical-empiricist paradigm, involving ... More

Message Framing Variations in Health and Risk Messaging  

Daniel J. O'Keefe

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Many health-related message variations have been described as variations in the framing of the message. What different applications of the term message framing have in common is that, in ... More

Message-Induced Self-Efficacy and Its Role in Health Behavior Change  

Nichole Egbert and Foluke Omosun

Online publication date:
May 2017
Self-efficacy is the personal belief in one’s ability to meet a goal or perform a specific task. Although it can be applied to any type of human endeavor, the construct of self-efficacy is ... More

Message Recipient Psychological Characteristics: Incurious and Curious Motives to Learn about Health Risks  

Jordan Litman

Successfully conveying information about the risk of potential threats to an individual’s physical and mental health is a serious challenge for healthcare practitioners. Adding to the ... More

Message Sensation Value in Health and Risk  

Jie Xu

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Message sensation value (MSV) is defined as the degree to which a message’s format and content features elicit sensory, affective, and arousal responses. MSV research has received ... More

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