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Audience Fragmentation and Journalism in the U.S. Context  

Angela M. Lee

Online publication date:
May 2019
The association between audience fragmentation and journalism is an intricate one. On the one hand, the word “audience” refers to an assembly of a group of consumers, such as book or ... More

Climate Change Communication  

Amy E. Chadwick

Climate change, which includes global warming, is a serious and pervasive challenge for local and global communities. Communication theorists, researchers, and practitioners are well ... More

Convergence in/of Journalism  

Ivar John Erdal

Since the mid-1990s, media organizations all over the world have experienced a series of significant changes related to technological developments, from the organizational level down to ... More

Conversation Analysis and News Interviews  

Laura Loeb and Steven E. Clayman

The news interview is a prominent interactional arena for broadcast news production, and its investigation provides a window into journalistic norms, press-state relations, and ... More

Copyright  

Sara Bannerman

Copyright is a bundle of rights granted to the creators of literary, artistic, and scientific works such as books, music, films, or computer programs. Copyright, as one of the most ... More

Credibility and Trust in Journalism  

Anya Schiffrin

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Questions of media trust and credibility are widely discussed; numerous studies over the past 30 years show a decline in trust in media as well as institutions and experts. The subject has ... More

Drone Journalism, Privacy Law, and Journalism Ethics  

Courtney Barclay and Kearston Wesner

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Fake News  

Bente Kalsnes

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Fake news is not new, but the American presidential election in 2016 placed the phenomenon squarely onto the international agenda. Manipulation, disinformation, falseness, rumors, ... More

Gatekeeping and Journalism  

Pamela J. Shoemaker

One of the oldest social science theories applied to the study of communication, the gatekeeping approach emphasizes the movement of bits of information through channels, with an emphasis ... More

Lifestyle Journalism  

Unni From

Lifestyle journalism is a significant and very substantial field of journalism. Unlike other fields of journalism, however, it has not been the focus of much scholarly debate. Providing ... More

Media Ownership and Journalism  

Helle Sjøvaag and Jonas Ohlsson

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Media ownership is of interest to research on journalism due to the assumption that ownership can have an impact of the contents and practices of journalism. Ownership of news media take ... More

Media Systems and Journalism  

Paolo Mancini

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
In the early days of media studies researchers essentially devoted their attention to the effects of the media message. This has led to a major focus on the choices of single individuals ... More

Mobile Journalism and MoJos  

Oscar Westlund and Stephen Quinn

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Journalism and news are so much a part of our lives that most societies take them for granted. To access the news, people have traditionally had to pay for newspapers or acquire television ... More

News Audiences and News Habits  

Jannie Møller Hartley

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
The focus of news-audience research has shifted from investigating news audiences of single platforms—such as newspapers, television, or radio news—to audiences in an inherently ... More

News Ecology and News Ecosystems  

Victor Wiard

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
“News ecology” and “news ecosystems” are two terms often used in journalism studies. They are, however, different concepts that draw from different lines of research and are used by ... More

News Editing and the Editorial Process  

Tim Klein, Elisabeth Fondren, and Leonard M. Apcar

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Throughout the ages, the editor’s primary role has been to connect writers with readers by deciding what to publish. In modern scholarship, this is known as gatekeeping. The stories an ... More

Policy Issues Surrounding Journalism  

Philip M. Napoli and Sarah Stonbely

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
The role of government policy in journalism can vary substantially across nations; as in 21st century the primary policy issues surrounding journalism have evolved as technological changes ... More

Political Journalism  

Jesper Strömbäck and Adam Shehata

Political journalism constitutes one of the most prominent domains of journalism, and is essential for the functioning of democracy. Ideally, political journalism should function as an ... More

Press Subsidies  

Mart Ots and Robert G. Picard

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Due to its function as a watchdog or fourth estate in democratic societies and a variety of commercial challenges, policy-makers have undertaken initiatives to support the production and ... More

Reading “Asian Values” into Journalism Practices in Asia  

Eric Loo

Discourse of “Asian values” in journalism is commonly contrasted with non-Asian or Western/Occidental libertarian values. This dualistic treatment of Asian versus Western journalism ... More

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