Welcome to the Oxford Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

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Letter from the editor

Restorative Justice in Youth and Adult Criminal Justice”

"Restorative justice is an innovative justice response to crime and offending that takes many forms such as victim-offender meetings, family group conferencing and youth justice conferencing, and sentencing or peacemaking circles. While restorative practices are used in a wide variety of contexts such as schools and workplaces to respond to and resolve conflict, restorative justice practices are predominantly used within criminal and youth justice..." – By William R. Wood, Masahiro Suzuki and Hennessey Hayes

Gangs, Crime, and Race

"Gangs, crime, and race are among the most fraught and politically charged topics in both the realm of social science and in broader public discourse in the United States. This article examines the relationships between these phenomena as they have evolved within the context of the major political-economic transformations of the last century or so, particularly the rise and fall of the urban industrial economy. Making sense of this history will help clarify how issues of gangs, crime, and race have been shaped and reshaped by historical developments and how we might best apprehend their nexuses, both historically and in the contemporary moment. ..." – By Roberto R. Aspholm

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