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"Gang desistance refers to the cessation of gang activities and disentanglement from gang identity. Despite the widespread myths concerning an inability to leave a gang without severe consequences, most individuals will desist from gang activities in a passive manner. Although passive exits may be common, gang desistance is both a social and a psychological phenomenon that defies an oversimplified event of sudden cessation. Studies have revealed theoretical patterns and processes that involve a wide variety of motivations and exit strategies that are not mutually exclusive from each other..." – By Christian L. Bolden and Anna Q. Iliff
"Gangs, crime, and race are among the most fraught and politically charged topics in both the realm of social science and in broader public discourse in the United States. This article examines the relationships between these phenomena as they have evolved within the context of the major political-economic transformations of the last century or so, particularly the rise and fall of the urban industrial economy. Making sense of this history will help clarify how issues of gangs, crime, and race have been shaped and reshaped by historical developments and how we might best apprehend their nexuses, both historically and in the contemporary moment. ..." – By Roberto R. Aspholm
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