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Letter from the editor

Hate Crimes in a Cross-Cultural Context

"However, scholars generally agree upon one key aspect of a hate crime. The victim must be targeted due to actual or perceived membership in a particular social group that the offender holds a bias against and the victim is interchangeable with others who belong to their perceived or actual group (Garland, 2010). It should be noted that any single hate crime incident can involve multiple motivations. ..." – By Keller G. Sheppard, Nathaniel L. Lawshe, and Jack McDevitt

Environmental Crime in Latin America and Southern Green Criminology

"In Latin America, green crimes take place in all the realms in which humans can degrade and destroy nature. The systematic and extensive destruction of Latin America’s natural environment has positioned Southern green criminology as the primary framework for the criminological study and interpretation of environmental crime in Latin America (Goyes, 2016, 2019, 2020). ..." – By David Rodríguez Goyes

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