Welcome to the Oxford Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

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Letter from the editor

Procedural Justice in the Criminal Justice System

"Fairness and equity are key concerns in modern liberal democracies. In step with this general trend, academics and practitioners have long been concerned with the fairness of procedures utilized by the criminal justice system..." – By Elise Sargeant, Julie Barkworth, and Natasha S. Madon

Race, Ethnicity, and the War on Terror

"The unofficial War on Terror that began in the wake of the September 11, 2001 terror attacks in the United States expanded a wide range of formal social controls as well as more informal methods of punitive control that were disproportionately directed toward Muslims, Arabs, Middle Easterners, and those who were perceived to be..." – By Kelly Welch

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