Welcome to the Oxford Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

Learn more

Letter from the editor

State Crime

"When it became increasingly evident that criminal law and policing were being used as tools of oppression by many states, some criminologists began to turn their academic gaze up to the structures of the state and the use and misuse of a government’s monopoly on violence. ..." – By Thomas MacManus

The Criminalization of Immigration

"Throughout history, the lines between the systems of criminal and immigration law, and between the agents charged with their enforcement, have sometimes been blurred, often to facilitate the targeting of undesirable racial groups. During the 1920s, for example, federal criminal law was expanded to include unauthorized immigration as a criminal offense and by 1930, U.S. attorneys had prosecuted more than 44,000 cases of improper entry..." – By Jennifer M. Chacón

What's New to the OREs

In December 2020, more than 130 new and revised articles have been published on the Oxford Research Encyclopedias platform. Explore the recently published articles now.

Three More Encyclopedias Available via Subscription and Perpetual Access

On May 28, the Oxford Research Encyclopedias of Business and Management, Economics and Finance, and Neuroscience will be available via subscription. After a successful free period during development, the OREs provide in-depth overviews of the major areas of research and will continue to grow with the field over time. If you're a librarian, explore Subscriber Services to learn how to provide access to the OREs for your institution. If you're not a librarian, you can recommend the OREs to your librarian here.

Why the Oxford Research Encyclopedia?

With today’s overabundance of information, and misinformation, students and researchers alike can be overwhelmed in identifying what’s trustworthy, what’s up-to-date, and what’s accurate..

Explore by Discipline

Working with international communities of scholars across all fields of study, we are developing new comprehensive collections of in-depth, peer-reviewed summaries on an ever-growing range of topics..

For Librarians

Oxford University Press offers a variety of tools to help you promote your access to the Oxford Research Encyclopedias and get the most out of these resources.

Recently Published

Browse recently published articles by month, including summaries and previews of forthcoming full-text articles.