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date: 20 April 2024

Global Commercial and Sexual Exploitation of Childrenlocked

Global Commercial and Sexual Exploitation of Childrenlocked

  • Julie Anne Laser-Maira, Julie Anne Laser-MairaGraduate School of Social Work, University of Denver
  • Charles E. HounmenouCharles E. HounmenouJane Addams College of Social Work, University of Illinois at Chicago
  •  and Donna PeachDonna PeachSchool of Health and Society, University of Salford


The term commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) refers to the for-profit sexual exploitation of children and youth through buying, trading, or selling sexual acts. CSEC is a subset of children and youth who are victims of human trafficking or trafficking in persons (TIP). The Stockholm Declaration defines CSEC as a form of coercion and violence against children that amounts to forced labor and a contemporary form of slavery; there are many forms of CSEC, including child prostitution, child marriage, early marriage, forced marriage, temporary marriage, mail-order brides, child labor, child servitude, domestic servitude, begging, massage, sex tourism, child pornography, online streaming of sexual abuse, sexual extortion of children, and sexual solicitation of children. Not all experiences of sexual servitude are globally recognized. It is critical to explore the concepts of race, inequality, power, culture, and globalization and how they impact the commercial sexual exploitation of children.


  • Crime, Media, and Popular Culture
  • Critical Criminology
  • International Crime
  • Race, Ethnicity, and Crime

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