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date: 16 July 2024

The Harms and Crimes Against Plant Specieslocked

The Harms and Crimes Against Plant Specieslocked

  • Esteban Morelle-HungríaEsteban Morelle-HungríaCriminology and Criminal Law, Jaume I University. ORCID: 0000-0001-5149-1792. Scopus: 57220128052. WoS: W-2902-2019
  •  and Pablo Serra-PalaoPablo Serra-PalaoLegal Philosophy, Comillas Pontifical University, Spain. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4158-3535

Summary

In the 21st century, the socio-environmental crisis is not limited to the quantitative analysis of the biophysical conditions on a global or sub-global scale. Individual species are directly affected by the “dynamics of the Anthropocene”: climate change, extreme weather events, deforestation, the acidification of the oceans, pollution, the use of pesticides, and many other anthropogenic pressures. All of these pressures have serious implications for individual species. Among all these affected species, this entry focuses on plant species. The Anthropocene dynamics and their associated impacts on individual plant species can be perceived at a number of different levels and with varying degrees of intensity and severity. In green criminology, the conceptual complexity of the distinction between environmental damage and crime has been widely debated, mainly due to their different politico-legal responses. For this reason, it is essential to provide an overview of environmental harms and crimes that affect plant species. To achieve this, the analysis begins with a theoretical foundation of green criminology, outlining its origins, multiple definitions and perspectives, ethical foundations, and justice frameworks. From this green criminological perspective, the scientific literature on a selected list of harms and crimes against plant species is reviewed using a holistic and interdisciplinary approach.

Subjects

  • Critical Criminology
  • International Crime
  • Victimology/Criminal Victimization

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