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Incarceration Rates in an International Perspective  

Marc Mauer

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Subject:
Corrections
A nation’s rate of incarceration is the number of people incarcerated as a proportion of its total population. Internationally, there is broad variation in the degree to which nations ... More

Methodological Approaches to Studying Crime and Popular Culture in New Media  

Francine Banner

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Researchers across varied disciplines have begun to explore social media as a new delta of communication; however, few are taking a hard look at social media as it relates to crime. Sites ... More

Moral Panics  

Chas Critcher

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The concept of moral panic was first developed in the United Kingdom in the early 1960s, principally by Stan Cohen, initially for the purpose of analyzing the definition of and social ... More

Police and the News Media  

Ted Gest

Online publication date:
Sep 2019
Police and the media have had a close relationship but it has become an increasingly uneasy one. For more than a century, the mainstream United States media—mainly newspapers, radio, ... More

Police Dramas on Television  

Ken Dowler

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Since the inception of television, portrayal of crime and justice has been a central feature on television. In particular, the police are featured as prominent characters in many fictional ... More

Political Corruption and State Crime  

Clayton Peoples and James E. Sutton

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
The state is responsible for maintaining law and order in society and protecting the people. Sometimes it fails to fulfill these responsibilities; in other cases, it actively harms people. ... More

Pornification and the Mainstreaming of Sex  

Susanna Paasonen

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
The changing cultural role, visibility, and meaning of pornography, particularly its increased accessibility and the sociocultural reverberations that this is seen to cause, have been ... More

Prisons in Popular Culture  

Dawn K. Cecil

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Popular culture has the ability to entertain and, on some level, educate. People’s perceptions and understanding of an issue can be influenced by the images and messages contained within ... More

Professional Criminals and White-Collar Crime in Popular Culture  

Timothy Holmes

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
In 1940, Edwin Sutherland claimed that the discipline of criminology was operating with an inaccurate view of criminal behavior. He argued that criminology focused too much on the ... More

Pussy Riot and the Politics of Resistance in Contemporary Russia  

Yuliya Zabyelina and Roman Ivashkiv

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Pussy Riot was a feminist punk-rock group based in Moscow, Russian Federation. It was founded by a group of several young women in the summer of 2011, following the announcement that ... More

Race, Ethnicity, and Sentencing  

Jeffrey Ulmer

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Much has been written about mass incarceration and how it has fallen especially hard on people of color. Given their representation in the U.S. population, for example, black and Hispanic ... More

Race, Ethnicity, and the War on Terror  

Kelly Welch

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
The unofficial War on Terror that began in the wake of the September 11, 2001 terror attacks in the United States expanded a wide range of formal social controls as well as more informal ... More

Racial Inequality in Punishment  

Marisa Omori and Oshea Johnson

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
There have been two major approaches to studying racial and ethnic inequality in punishment: The first approach comes from the sociology of punishment and social inequality literatures, ... More

Representations of Law, Rights, and Criminal Justice  

Stefan Machura

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Criminal justice and its institutions are key objects of popular culture and attract extensive media attention. The portrayal of the justice system, its rules, professions, and ... More

School Shootings in the Media  

Glenn Muschert and Jaclyn Schildkraut

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Stories about crime are staples in modern mainstream media, with the greatest emphasis placed on the most extreme cases. School shootings are particularly exemplary of this, as when word ... More

Self-Control Theory and Crime  

Michael Gottfredson

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Gottfredson and Hirschi advanced self-control theory in 1990 as part of their general theory of crime. Self-control is defined as the ability to forego acts that provide immediate or ... More

Sex Crimes and the Media  

Tanya Serisier

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
In media representations the term sex crimes most frequently refers to rape and child sexual abuse, although it can include a wider range of acts such as exhibitionism and voyeurism. While ... More

Situational Crime Prevention  

Joshua D. Freilich and Graeme R. Newman

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Situational crime prevention (SCP) is a criminological perspective that calls for expanding the crime-reduction role well beyond the justice system. SCP sees criminal law in a more ... More

Social Disorganization Theory  

Paul Bellair

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Contemporary sociologists typically trace social disorganization models to Emile Durkheim’s classic work. There is continuity between Durkheim’s concern for organic solidarity in societies ... More

Statistical Analysis of White-Collar Crime  

Gerald Cliff and April Wall-Parker

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
As far back as the 19th century, statistics on reported crime have been relied upon as a means to understand and explain the nature and prevalence of crime (Friedrichs, 2007). Measurements ... More

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