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Examining the School-to-Prison Pipeline Metaphor  

Kayla Crawley and Paul Hirschfield

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The school-to-prison pipeline (STPP) is a commonly used metaphor that was developed to describe the many ways in which schools have become a conduit to the juvenile and criminal justice ... More

Street Gangs: A Multiple Marginality Perspective  

James Diego Vigil

Online publication date:
May 2019
Poverty is the central reason for the rise of street gangs throughout the contemporary world; poor people live in older, rundown areas and labor in the lowest paid jobs. The framework of ... More