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Risk, Actuarialism, and Punishment  

Hazel Kemshall

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Subject:
Corrections
Risk is a pervasive feature of contemporary life, and has become a key feature of penal policy, systems of punishment, and criminal justice services across a number of the Anglophone ... More

Risk Assessment  

Tim Brennan, William Dieterich, and William Oliver

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
From rudimentary conceptions of risk in the late 18th century, risk assessment slowly evolved toward a more multifaceted conceptualization of risk and progressed to more sophisticated ... More

School Climate  

Allison Ann Payne and Denise C. Gottfredson

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
School violence, drug use, bullying, theft, and vandalism are costly and interfere with academic achievement. Beyond the cost of personal injury and property damage and loss, school crime ... More

School Shootings in the Media  

Glenn Muschert and Jaclyn Schildkraut

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Stories about crime are staples in modern mainstream media, with the greatest emphasis placed on the most extreme cases. School shootings are particularly exemplary of this, as when word ... More

Security and Surveillance in Film  

Timothy Holmes

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Security and surveillance have featured heavily in film over the years. Their depiction has provided a platform for debate about appropriate levels of surveillance and has provided ... More

Self-Control Theory and Crime  

Michael Gottfredson

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Gottfredson and Hirschi advanced self-control theory in 1990 as part of their general theory of crime. Self-control is defined as the ability to forego acts that provide immediate or ... More

Sentencing Guideline Departures  

Kimberly Kaiser

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Sentencing guidelines were created with the goal of reducing unwarranted disparities in sentencing outcomes based on race, gender, and other legally irrelevant characteristics in order to ... More

Serial Killing and Representation  

Phillip L. Simpson

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Serial killing is an age-old problem, though it was not popularly known by that name until the 1980s. It took the rise of mass media and the mechanisms of mass production to create the ... More

Sex Crimes and the Media  

Tanya Serisier

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
In media representations the term sex crimes most frequently refers to rape and child sexual abuse, although it can include a wider range of acts such as exhibitionism and voyeurism. While ... More

Sexting  

Emma Bond

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
Sexting has recently attracted both media and academic attention. Mostly associated with adolescents, sexting, broadly speaking, refers to the production of and sharing of a naked or ... More

Sexuality and Gang Involvement  

Vanessa R. Panfil

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Recent gang research has explored various dimensions of diversity including sexuality and has provided important insights regarding sexual identity and sexual behavior within the context ... More

Situational Action Theory: Toward a Dynamic Theory of Crime and Its Causes  

Per-Olof H. Wikström

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Situational Action Theory (SAT) is a general, dynamic, and mechanism-based theory of crime and its causes. It is general because it proposes to explain all kinds of crime (and ... More

Situational Crime Prevention  

Joshua D. Freilich and Graeme R. Newman

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Situational crime prevention (SCP) is a criminological perspective that calls for expanding the crime-reduction role well beyond the justice system. SCP sees criminal law in a more ... More

Social Disorganization Theory  

Paul Bellair

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Contemporary sociologists typically trace social disorganization models to Emile Durkheim’s classic work. There is continuity between Durkheim’s concern for organic solidarity in societies ... More

A Social Interactionist Approach to Violent Crime  

Richard B. Felson

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Since criminal violence involves doing harm to someone (as well as rule breaking) a theory of aggression is needed to help explain it. A social interactionist (SI) theory of aggression ... More

Social Media, Vigilantism and Indigenous People in Australia  

Chris Cunneen and Sophie Russell

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The pervasiveness and prominence of mass media are key features of contemporary societies. Nowhere is this more relevant than when we look at the ubiquity of social media. In recent years, ... More

Social Networks in Gangs  

Christian L. Bolden and Reneé Lamphere

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Social networks in gangs refers to both a theoretical and methodological framework. Research within this perspective challenges the idea of gangs as organized hierarchies, suggesting ... More

Solitary Confinement in American Popular Culture  

Carlos Monteiro and Natasha Frost

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
With its long and storied history, solitary confinement has fascinated Americans since the birth of the penitentiary in the late 1700s. Once a practice that loomed large in literary ... More

Spatialization and Carceral Geographies  

Dominique Moran

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Carceral geography has emerged as a vibrant and important subdiscipline of human geography, and there is increasing, and productive, dialogue among human geographers concerned with the ... More

Sports Crime and Popular Culture  

Nic Groombridge

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Sport is a part of our shared global and separate national popular cultures. Understanding of baseball may be low in the United Kingdom and may come from films like Field of Dreams, but ... More

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