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Ideology in the Crime Genre  

Timothy O. Lenz

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The media inform the public about crime while also reflecting and shaping thinking about crime. The news media primarily provide information when they report on crime as part of the ... More

Image-Based Sexual Abuse  

Asher Flynn and Nicola Henry

Image-based sexual abuse (IBSA) is a form of technology-facilitated sexual violence. The term describes a pattern of behaviors involving the nonconsensual creation, distribution, or ... More

Images of Alternative Justice: The Alternative of Restorative Justice  

Brunilda Pali

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This article analyzes the tension created between the lack of images and the imagination of alternative justice from the particular perspective of “restorative justice.” The most sustained ... More

Immigration and Crime  

Frances Bernat

In the context of crime, victimization, and immigration in the United States, research shows that people are afraid of immigrants because they think immigrants are a threat to their safety ... More

Immigration Detention and Punishment  

Sarah Turnbull

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Corrections
The use of detention for immigration purposes is a carceral trend that continues to increase across the world and is a phenomenon no longer limited to so-called western countries or the ... More

Incarceration Effects on Families  

Sara Wakefield and Janet Garcia-Hallett

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Corrections
The rapid rise in the incarceration rate, most notably in the United States over the last four decades, has drawn greater attention to the disabilities imposed by incarceration experiences ... More

Incarceration Rates in an International Perspective  

Marc Mauer

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Subject:
Corrections
A nation’s rate of incarceration is the number of people incarcerated as a proportion of its total population. Internationally, there is broad variation in the degree to which nations ... More

Individual, Educational, and Other Social Influences on Greed: Implications for the Study of White-Collar Crime  

Long Wang, Ziwei Wang, and David H. Weng

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Greed is a central part of human nature. In history, feudal barons and kings, as war profiteers, continued to engage in war to acquire more after they had accumulated excessive wealth; in ... More

Infanticide in 19th-Century England  

Nicolá Goc

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Throughout the history of journalism the notion of a mother killing her infant child—committing an act of infanticide—has always been high on the news values scale. In the 19th century, ... More

Institutional Anomie Theory Across Nation States  

Andreas Hövermann and Steven F. Messner

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Intensive Supervision Probation  

Geoffrey C. Barnes and Jordan M. Hyatt

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Subject:
Sentencing
Intensive Supervision Probation (ISP) is a form of community supervision that employs smaller caseloads, more frequent contacts, and a variety of other mechanisms to increase the level of ... More

International Criminal Law and International Criminal Justice  

Kai Ambos and Alexander Heinze

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
International Criminal Justice is a controversial concept, and there is a burgeoning body of literature on its exact contours. Understood broadly, the term “international criminal justice” ... More

International Criminology: Concept, History, Developments, and Institutions  

Gema Varona and José Luis de la Cuesta

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
In a broad sense, international criminology can be described as the set of activities related to crime prevention and control, coming from the academia, public and private institutions and ... More

Interventions for Gang-Affiliated Youth  

Paul Boxer

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
When it comes to helping gang-involved youth, interventionists are faced with a significant primary challenge: Must youth leave their gangs before receiving treatment? Or can treatment ... More

Intimate Partner Violence  

Emily Wright and Brandon Valgardson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious problem that affects many individuals and crosses national borders, religions, gender, sexual orientation, racial, and ethnic groups (Harvey, ... More

Journalistic Depictions of Violence against Women in India  

Meenakshi Gigi Durham

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
News narratives of violence against women in India are part of a larger discourse of Orientalism that began in the nascent years of the British Raj and continues into the present; these ... More

Journalistic Depictions of Violence Against Women in Mexico  

Alice Driver

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
This article analyzes journalistic depictions of violence against girls and women in Mexico in the context of several high-profile cases that have played out in the country over the past ... More

Juries in Film and Television  

Nancy Marder

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
The early jury films typically portray the jury as a passive group of men who simply watch the trial with little reaction. They are meant to stand in for the viewer. The viewer, like the ... More

Laws of Geography  

Michael Leitner, Philip Glasner, and Ourania Kounadi

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
The most prominent law in geography is Tobler’s first law (TFL) of geography, which states that “everything is related to everything else, but near things are more related than distant ... More

Lawyers and Courts in French Popular Culture  

Barbara Villez

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
From watching imported American popular culture dramas focusing on criminal justice, French television viewers have become confused as to how their own legal system really works. They have ... More

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