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Environmental Crime  

Carole Gibbs and Rachel Boratto

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Environmental crime is a complex and ambiguous term for several reasons. It is sometimes used as an umbrella term for crimes related to biodiversity, wildlife, animals, natural resources, ... More

Gangs and Globalization  

Alistair Fraser and Elke Van Hellemont

It has been a century since Frederic Thrasher researched his pioneering text on youth gangs in Chicago. In it he depicts gangs as a street-based phenomenon that emerged from the combined ... More

Global Security Surveillance  

Keith Guzik and Gary T. Marx

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Recent literature at the intersections of surveillance, security, and globalization trace the contours of global security surveillance (GSS), a distinct form of social control that combines ... More

Human Rights and Penal Policy  

Joachim Savelsberg and Suzy McElrath

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Structural and cultural changes in the modernization process, combined with contingent historical events, gave rise to a human rights regime. It is codified in the Universal Declaration of ... More

Hyperincarceration and Indigeneity  

Thalia Anthony and Harry Blagg

Indigenous people have been subject to policies that disproportionately incarcerate them since the genesis of colonization of their lands. Incarceration is one node of a field of colonial ... More

Immigration and Crime  

Frances Bernat

In the context of crime, victimization, and immigration in the United States, research shows that people are afraid of immigrants because they think immigrants are a threat to their safety ... More

Institutional Anomie Theory Across Nation States  

Andreas Hövermann and Steven F. Messner

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
Institutional Anomie Theory (IAT) was originally formulated as a quintessentially macro-level theory of crime focused on the properties of large-scale social systems. The main substantive ... More

International Criminal Law and International Criminal Justice  

Kai Ambos and Alexander Heinze

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
International Criminal Justice is a controversial concept, and there is a burgeoning body of literature on its exact contours. Understood broadly, the term “international criminal justice” ... More

International Criminology: Concept, History, Developments, and Institutions  

Gema Varona and José Luis de la Cuesta

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
In a broad sense, international criminology can be described as the set of activities related to crime prevention and control, coming from the academia, public and private institutions and ... More

Lethal Violence: A Global View on Homicide  

Dietrich Oberwittler

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
As the most serious crime, homicide is both relevant and suitable for cross-national comparisons. The global homicide rate of ca. 6 per 100,000 people is an average of hugely diverging ... More

Moral Panics and Folk Devils  

Nachman Ben-Yehuda

Moral panics refer to cultural and social situations where heightened and exaggerated attention is given to a moral issue, accompanied by inflated demands to activate and practice steps to ... More

Police Corruption  

Leslie Holmes

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Positive Criminology: Theory, Research, and Practice  

Natti Ronel and Ety Elisha

Positive criminology is an innovative perspective that underlies existing theories and models emphasizing the positive forces that influence and assist individuals at risk and offenders in ... More

Prosecution Appeals Against Sentence  

Arie Freiberg

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Sentencing is a complex task that involves judicial officers imposing sentences in the first instance and deciding appeals from those judges in certain circumstances. Both trial and ... More

Qualitative Methods in International and Comparative Criminology  

Max Travers

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Although the field of international criminology has mostly employed quantitative methods to test universal theories, there is a growing recognition of the potential value of qualitative ... More

Race, Ethnicity, and the War on Terror  

Kelly Welch

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
The unofficial War on Terror that began in the wake of the September 11, 2001 terror attacks in the United States expanded a wide range of formal social controls as well as more informal ... More

Using Social Media to Resist Gender Violence: A Global Perspective  

Bianca Fileborn and Rachel Loney-Howes

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Vigilantism in Comparative Perspective  

Ray Abrahams

Vigilantes have arisen at many times in different regions of the world, taking the law into their own hands as defenders, often by force, of their view of the good life against those they ... More

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