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A Review of the Validity of Juvenile Risk Assessment Across Race/Ethnicity  

Christina Campbell and William Miller

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Juvenile risk assessment instruments have provided juvenile courts with the opportunity to make standardized decisions concerning sentences and intervention needs. Risk assessments have ... More

Critical Perspectives on Gangs  

David C. Brotherton

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The majority of studies on youth gangs are in the tradition of positivistic social science. When natural science is taken as the paradigm, a premium is placed on the value neutrality of ... More

Developmental and Life-Course Perspectives on Gangs  

Molly Buchanan, Elise T. Simonsen, and Marvin D. Krohn

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
With distinct advances since the 1980s, developmental, life-course criminology has expanded to become one of the most prominent subdivisions in the field of criminology, as the knowledge ... More

The Eurogang Program of Research  

Finn-Aage Esbensen and Cheryl L. Maxson

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The Eurogang Program of Research is a loosely knit network of researchers and policymakers with an interest in better understanding troublesome youth groups. While the group is guided by a ... More

Examining the School-to-Prison Pipeline Metaphor  

Kayla Crawley and Paul Hirschfield

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The school-to-prison pipeline (STPP) is a commonly used metaphor that was developed to describe the many ways in which schools have become a conduit to the juvenile and criminal justice ... More

The Extent and Nature of Gang Crime  

Lauren Magee and Chris Melde

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Street gangs have been the focus of attention for over a century, largely due to their reputation for involvement in illegal activities, especially violence. Indeed, gangs use this ... More

Gang Joining  

James A. Densley

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
This article examines the who, what, where, when, why, and how of gang joining. The question of what youth join when they join gangs speaks to the contested nature of gang definitions and ... More

Gang Organization and Gang Types  

Christian L. Bolden

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Gang organization has been an aspect of research that is often explored and debated. The concept of organization is intertwined with questions of whether gangs have leaders, whether gangs ... More

Gangs and Violence  

Haley Bullard and Shannon Reid

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Much of the ongoing concern about the presence of gangs and gang members in the community has to do with the association between street gangs and violence. Decades of research on street ... More

Gender and Gang Involvement  

Dana Peterson

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Sex and gender are often conflated, but there are important distinctions between the two. This is true also with terms related to gender identity, including masculinities and femininities ... More

Group Processes Within Gangs  

Timothy R. Lauger

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Street gangs are, by definition, social groups that contain patterns of interactions between gang members, associates, and other gangs in their social environment. The structure and ... More

The History of Gangs and Gang Research  

Mark S. Fleisher

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Radical culture change instigated by conflict among diverse cultural groups has had adverse social and psychological effects witnessed by the rise of youth gangs. A close look at the ... More

Interventions for Gang-Affiliated Youth  

Paul Boxer

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
When it comes to helping gang-involved youth, interventionists are faced with a significant primary challenge: Must youth leave their gangs before receiving treatment? Or can treatment ... More

Policing American Gangs and Gang Members  

Madeleine Novich

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Gangs have been subjects of extensive empirical research since the 1920s. Scholarly interest in gangs was largely due to gang members’ increased likelihood of engaging in delinquent ... More

Prevalence of Gangs in the U.S.: Measurement Approaches and Findings From Police Data  

Arlen Egley, Jr.

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Street gang activity has garnered academic and public attention for many decades. Compared with other youth groups, street gangs contribute disproportionately to crime and violence, though ... More

Race, Ethnicity, and Street Gang Involvement in an American Context  

Adrienne Freng

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Race and ethnicity represent a pivotal issue in almost any conversation regarding gang members. These two concepts have been invariably linked in both research and the larger social world. ... More

School Climate  

Allison Ann Payne and Denise C. Gottfredson

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
School violence, drug use, bullying, theft, and vandalism are costly and interfere with academic achievement. Beyond the cost of personal injury and property damage and loss, school crime ... More

Sexuality and Gang Involvement  

Vanessa R. Panfil

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Recent gang research has explored various dimensions of diversity including sexuality and has provided important insights regarding sexual identity and sexual behavior within the context ... More

Street Gangs: A Multiple Marginality Perspective  

James Diego Vigil

Online publication date:
May 2019
Poverty is the central reason for the rise of street gangs throughout the contemporary world; poor people live in older, rundown areas and labor in the lowest paid jobs. The framework of ... More

White-Collar Delinquency  

Andrea Schoepfer

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Studies of white-collar crime have largely focused on the crimes and immoral and unethical actions of adults during the course of their legitimate occupations, yet adults are not the only ... More

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