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Police, Media, and Popular Culture  

Alyce McGovern and Nickie D. Phillips

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
The relationship between the police and the media is complex, multidimensional, and contingent. Since the development of modern-day policing, the police and the media have interacted with ... More

Police Officer Suicide  

John M. Violanti

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Subject:
Policing
All too often we emphasize the dangers of police work, but seem to neglect the hidden psychological danger of this profession. Suicide is a consequence of that hidden danger. It is a clear ... More

Police Training and Education  

John DeCarlo

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Subject:
Policing
The issue of educational entry requirements for police officers has been a perennial one. Since August Vollmer first broached the topic of police education as a serious consideration, ... More

Police Violence  

Jenna Milani, Ben Bradford, and Jonathan Jackson

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Subject:
Policing
The ability of the police to assert social control and reproduce social order depends, crucially, on the capacity to use force to achieve these ends—whether when restraining someone ... More

Policing American Gangs and Gang Members  

Madeleine Novich

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Gangs have been subjects of extensive empirical research since the 1920s. Scholarly interest in gangs was largely due to gang members’ increased likelihood of engaging in delinquent ... More

Policing and Gang Violence Prevention  

Victor Mora

Subject:
Policing
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Policing Sex Workers  

Susan Dewey

Online publication date:
May 2018
Subject:
Policing
Regulatory and legal approaches to prostitution are subject to considerable debate among researchers, policymakers, and those tasked with the everyday enforcement of measures intended to ... More

Political Corruption and State Crime  

Clayton Peoples and James E. Sutton

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
The state is responsible for maintaining law and order in society and protecting the people. Sometimes it fails to fulfill these responsibilities; in other cases, it actively harms people. ... More

Political Ideologies and Penality  

Zelia A. Gallo

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
The literature on contemporary Western punishment presents us with a number of possible approaches to political ideologies and penality. The first approach requires us to ask what ... More

Political Violence and Crime  

Vincenzo Ruggiero

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Political violence includes an array of conducts and events that defy unilateral examination. It may be authorized or unauthorized violence, and while the latter is almost always ... More

Politics of Vision in the Carceral State: Legibility and Looking in Hostile Territory  

Ashley Hunt

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
As we begin to think about the United States as a carceral state, this means that the scale of incarceration practices have grown so great within it that they have a determining effect on ... More

Popular Criminology  

Steven Kohm

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Popular criminology is a theoretical and conceptual approach within the field of criminology that is used to interrogate popular understandings of crime and criminal justice. In the last ... More

Population Changes at Place: Immigration, Gentrification, and Crime  

Graham C. Ousey

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Immigration and gentrification are two sources of population change that occur in geographic communities. Immigration refers to the inflow of foreign-born residents, while gentrification ... More

Pornification and the Mainstreaming of Sex  

Susanna Paasonen

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
The changing cultural role, visibility, and meaning of pornography, particularly its increased accessibility and the sociocultural reverberations that this is seen to cause, have been ... More

Predictive Policing  

Fei Yang

Online publication date:
Sep 2019
Predictive policing, also known as crime forecasting, is a set of high technologies aiding the police in solving past crimes and pre-emptively fighting and preventing future ones. With the ... More

Prevalence of Gangs in the U.S.: Measurement Approaches and Findings From Police Data  

Arlen Egley, Jr.

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Street gang activity has garnered academic and public attention for many decades. Compared with other youth groups, street gangs contribute disproportionately to crime and violence, though ... More

Preventing Bullying in School and Work Contexts  

Iain Coyne and Marilyn Campbell

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
The knowledge base on bullying within school and working contexts has matured to the extent that researchers and practitioners are developing a deeper understanding of this complex social ... More

Prisoner Experiences  

Dawn Moore

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Subject:
Corrections
The variables impacting how one experiences imprisonment are far ranging. George Jackson (1994), a pivotal character in American penal history, wrote that, “[b]lackmen born in the [United ... More

Prison History  

Ashley T. Rubin

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Subject:
Corrections
Prisons are government-sanctioned facilities designed for the long-term confinement of adults as punishment for serious offenses. This definition of prisons, frequently belied by actual ... More

Prisons in Popular Culture  

Dawn K. Cecil

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Popular culture has the ability to entertain and, on some level, educate. People’s perceptions and understanding of an issue can be influenced by the images and messages contained within ... More

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