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Institutional Anomie Theory Across Nation States  

Andreas Hövermann and Steven F. Messner

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
Institutional Anomie Theory (IAT) was originally formulated as a quintessentially macro-level theory of crime focused on the properties of large-scale social systems. The main substantive ... More

Laws of Geography  

Michael Leitner, Philip Glasner, and Ourania Kounadi

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
The most prominent law in geography is Tobler’s first law (TFL) of geography, which states that “everything is related to everything else, but near things are more related than distant ... More

Moral Panics and Folk Devils  

Nachman Ben-Yehuda

Moral panics refer to cultural and social situations where heightened and exaggerated attention is given to a moral issue, accompanied by inflated demands to activate and practice steps to ... More

Narrative Criminology  

Lois Presser

Online publication date:
May 2020
Narrative criminology is a relatively new theoretical perspective that highlights the influence of stories on harmful actions and patterns of action. Narrative criminology researchers study ... More

Network Perspectives on Crime  

Jason Gravel and George E. Tita

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Though often not mentioned by name, the importance of social networks in explaining criminal behavior, delinquency, and patterns has long been recognized in the study of crime. Theories ... More

Pathways to Crime  

Breanna Boppre, Emily J. Salisbury, and Jaclyn Parker

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Scholarship in criminology has focused on individuals’ pathways to crime—how life experiences, often beginning during childhood, lead to criminality in adolescence or adulthood. General ... More

Place Managers and Crime Places  

John E. Eck

Place management theory—a part of routine activity theory—explains why a relatively few places have a great deal of crime while most places have little or no crime. The explanation is the ... More

Political Ideologies and Penality  

Zelia A. Gallo

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
The literature on contemporary Western punishment presents us with a number of possible approaches to political ideologies and penality. The first approach requires us to ask what different ... More

Positive Criminology: Theory, Research, and Practice  

Natti Ronel and Ety Elisha

Positive criminology is an innovative perspective that underlies existing theories and models emphasizing the positive forces that influence and assist individuals at risk and offenders in ... More

Punishment and Citizenship  

Michael T. Light and Jason P. Robey

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Amid global trends of increasingly mobile populations, scholars have debated whether national citizenship status remains relevant for international migrants. Some argue that international ... More

Punishment, Marxism, and Political Economy  

Alessandro De Giorgi

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
The political economy of punishment is a critical approach within the sociology of punishment that hypothesizes the existence of a structural relationship between transformations of the ... More

Qualitative Methods in International and Comparative Criminology  

Max Travers

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Although the field of international criminology has mostly employed quantitative methods to test universal theories, there is a growing recognition of the potential value of qualitative ... More

Queering Criminology Globally  

Matthew Ball

Online publication date:
May 2020
Queer criminology is an emerging field of research addressing significant oversights within the disciplines of criminology and criminal justice studies—namely the limited attention paid to ... More

Self-Control Theory and Crime  

Michael Gottfredson

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Gottfredson and Hirschi advanced self-control theory in 1990 as part of their general theory of crime. Self-control is defined as the ability to forego acts that provide immediate or ... More

Situational Action Theory: Toward a Dynamic Theory of Crime and Its Causes  

Per-Olof H. Wikström

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Situational Action Theory (SAT) is a general, dynamic, and mechanism-based theory of crime and its causes. It is general because it proposes to explain all kinds of crime (and rule-breaking ... More

Social Disorganization Theory  

Paul Bellair

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Contemporary sociologists typically trace social disorganization models to Emile Durkheim’s classic work. There is continuity between Durkheim’s concern for organic solidarity in societies ... More

A Social Interactionist Approach to Violent Crime  

Richard B. Felson

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Since criminal violence involves doing harm to someone (as well as rule breaking) a theory of aggression is needed to help explain it. A social interactionist (SI) theory of aggression fits ... More

Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses of Crime Prevention Evaluations  

Anthony Petrosino, Claire Morgan, and Trevor Fronius

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Systematic reviews and meta-analyses have become a focal point of evidence-based policy in criminology. Systematic reviews use explicit and transparent processes to identify, retrieve, ... More

Theoretical Perspectives on White-Collar Crime  

Michael Levi

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
White-collar crime has not developed in a linear way as an academic subject. Its definition remains contested, between those who consider that, when deciding on the boundaries of what we ... More

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