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Culture of Punishment in the USA  

Anne-Marie Cusac

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Beginning in the mid-1970s, enormous changes governed U.S. punishment of criminal offenses, leading to harsher laws and longer prison terms than convicts in earlier decades served for the ... More

Dark Tourism  

John Lennon

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Dark tourism has passed into the language and study of tourism since it was first designated as such in 1996 (see Lennon & Foley, 1996; Seaton, 1996). It is now established as a term to ... More

Dark Tourism, Penal Landscapes, and Criminological Inquiry  

Justin Piché and Kevin Walby

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Dark tourism researchers who examine sites of death, suffering, and despair have generated a significant amount of research over the past two decades. Different ways of conducting dark ... More

The Death Penalty in the 21st Century  

Daniel LaChance

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
The dawn of the 21st century marked a turning point in the history of the American death penalty. Politically, the death penalty seemed vulnerable. A wave of abolitionism not seen since the ... More

Defensible Space  

Robert I. Mawby

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
While the term “defensible space” is widely referenced in literature on situational crime pre vention and Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design, it is commonly mentioned in passing, ... More

Deportation and Immigration Enforcement  

David C. Brotherton and Sarah Tosh

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
While deportation as a practice has roots that reach far back into history, the state’s removal of immigrants in the modern era is unprecedented, in terms of both its mechanisms and its ... More

Detecting Healthcare Fraud and Abuse in the United States  

Paul Jesilow and Bryan Burton

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Healthcare fraud involves wide-ranging illegal behaviors. It includes such activities as individual physicians who bill insurance companies or the government for services that were never ... More

Developmental and Life-Course Perspectives on Gangs  

Molly Buchanan, Elise T. Simonsen, and Marvin D. Krohn

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
With distinct advances since the 1980s, developmental, life-course criminology has expanded to become one of the most prominent subdivisions in the field of criminology, as the knowledge ... More

Developmental and Life-Course Theories of Crime  

Tara Renae McGee and David P. Farrington

Online publication date:
Sep 2019
Developmental and life-course theories of crime are collectively characterized by their goal of explaining the onset, persistence, and desistance of offending behavior over the life-course. ... More

Developmental Origins of Antisocial Behavior  

Richard E. Tremblay

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Most studies conducted on the development of antisocial behavior focused on school children and attempted to understand how children learn to steal and aggress others. Results from ... More

Developmental Targeted Prevention of Conduct Disorder  

Frank Vitaro and Richard E. Tremblay

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Traditionally, the term targeted prevention refers to interventions designed to prevent the development of adjustment problems in individuals by reducing risk factors or by implementing ... More

Disciplinary Segregation in Prison  

Benjamin Steiner

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Disciplinary segregation is a punishment that prison officials impose in response to inmate violations of prison rules such as assaulting another inmate or disrespecting an officer. ... More

Disparity in Capital Sentencing  

Marian R. Williams

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
The death penalty has long been a source of debate and is perhaps the most litigated sentence in the United States. Arguments for the use of the death penalty point to “just deserts” or ... More

Documentaries about Crime and Criminal Justice  

Jamie Bennett

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Documentary films have significant appeal because of their claim to represent truth and authenticity. Within the criminal justice system, they are important not only because of the public ... More

Drugs and Popular Culture  

Dimitri A. Bogazianos

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
While criminological analyses of drugs and popular culture often focus on media constructions of drug scares and epidemics, they also draw from a wide range of interrelated influences, ... More

Economic Crises, Common Crime, and Penality  

José A. Brandariz and Ignacio González-Sánchez

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
The influence of economic crises on crime and penality is one of the fundamental issues in economic analysis of the punitive field, and the topic has been explored from various perspectives ... More

Electronic Monitoring  

Julie Brancale, Thomas G. Blomberg, and William D. Bales

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Subject:
Corrections
The movements of accused and convicted offenders in many countries around the world are increasingly being monitored with electronic supervision tools. Individuals can be placed on ... More

Enemy Penology  

Susanne Krasmann

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
When Guenther Jakobs introduced the concept of “enemy criminal law” (Feindstrafrecht), or enemy penology, into the legal debate, this was due to a concern with the increasingly anticipatory ... More

Environmental Crime  

Carole Gibbs and Rachel Boratto

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Environmental crime is a complex and ambiguous term for several reasons. It is sometimes used as an umbrella term for crimes related to biodiversity, wildlife, animals, natural resources, ... More

Errors of Justice in Policing  

Brian Forst

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Subject:
Policing
Errors of justice are a serious problem, and the police contribute substantially to them. Much can be done to reduce these errors, involving overreaction, underreaction, and misreaction ... More

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