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Graffiti  

Andrzej Zieleniec

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Graffiti has a long history. There are many examples from the history of human cultures of signs and symbols left on walls as remnants of human presence. However, the origins of modern ... More

Green Criminology, Culture, and Cinema  

Bill McClanahan, Avi Brisman, and Nigel South

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Since first proposed by Brisman and South, green cultural criminology has sought to interrogate human-environment interactions in order to locate meaning. Within the broad framework of ... More

Group Processes Within Gangs  

Timothy R. Lauger

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Street gangs are, by definition, social groups that contain patterns of interactions between gang members, associates, and other gangs in their social environment. The structure and content ... More

Guardianship and Informal Social Control  

Danielle M. Reynald

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This article provides a critical overview of the concepts of guardianship and informal social control. The discussion compares these fundamental criminological concepts and highlights areas ... More

Guilt or Innocence: Lessons About the Legal Process in American Courtroom Films  

Paul Bergman

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
American courtroom films depicting criminal trials have long resonated with audiences around the world, including viewers in countries whose legal systems are very different from those ... More

Historical Approaches to the Study of Crime, Media, and Popular Culture  

Paul Knepper

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Historical study of crime, media, and popular culture has been underway since “the cultural turn” in the social sciences and humanities in the 1980s. Since then, a diverse literature has ... More

Historical Representations of Crime and the Criminal  

Eamonn Carrabine

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
The enduring popular fascination with crime and criminality suggests that history matters. In the most obvious sense, current representations of crime in the media bear traces of earlier ... More

The History of Gangs and Gang Research  

Mark S. Fleisher

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Radical culture change instigated by conflict among diverse cultural groups has had adverse social and psychological effects witnessed by the rise of youth gangs. A close look at the ... More

Homicide in Television Drama Series  

Penny Crofts

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This chapter analyzes the representation of homicide in contemporary television drama series. The chapter draws upon critical analysis from the fields of criminal law, criminology, law and ... More

Human Rights and Penal Policy  

Joachim J. Savelsberg and Suzy McElrath

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Structural and cultural changes in the modernization process, combined with contingent historical events, gave rise to a human rights regime. It is codified in the Universal Declaration of ... More

Human Trafficking and the Media in the United States  

Rachel Austin and Amy Farrell

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Although the exploitation of people for profit is not a new phenomenon, in the late 1990s and early 2000s international leaders, advocates, and the public became increasingly concerned ... More

Hyperincarceration and Indigeneity  

Thalia Anthony and Harry Blagg

Indigenous people have been subject to policies that disproportionately incarcerate them since the genesis of colonization of their lands. Incarceration is one node of a field of colonial ... More

Ideology in the Crime Genre  

Timothy O. Lenz

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The media inform the public about crime while also reflecting and shaping thinking about crime. The news media primarily provide information when they report on crime as part of the ... More

Image-Based Sexual Abuse  

Asher Flynn and Nicola Henry

Image-based sexual abuse (IBSA) is a form of technology-facilitated sexual violence. The term describes a pattern of behaviors involving the nonconsensual creation, distribution, or threats ... More

Images of Alternative Justice: The Alternative of Restorative Justice  

Brunilda Pali

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This article analyzes the tension created between the lack of images and the imagination of alternative justice from the particular perspective of “restorative justice.” The most sustained ... More

Immigrants and Crime  

Daniel L. Stageman

Online publication date:
Jul 2020
The gap between public perception of immigrant criminality and the research consensus on immigrants’ actual rates of criminal participation is persistent and cross-cultural. While the ... More

Immigration and Crime  

Frances Bernat

In the context of crime, victimization, and immigration in the United States, research shows that people are afraid of immigrants because they think immigrants are a threat to their safety ... More

Immigration Detention and Punishment  

Sarah Turnbull

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Corrections
The use of detention for immigration purposes is a carceral trend that continues to increase across the world and is a phenomenon no longer limited to so-called western countries or the ... More

Incarceration Effects on Families  

Sara Wakefield and Janet Garcia-Hallett

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Corrections
The rapid rise in the incarceration rate, most notably in the United States over the last four decades, has drawn greater attention to the disabilities imposed by incarceration experiences ... More

Incarceration Rates in an International Perspective  

Marc Mauer

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Subject:
Corrections
A nation’s rate of incarceration is the number of people incarcerated as a proportion of its total population. Internationally, there is broad variation in the degree to which nations ... More

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