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Neighborhood Watch  

Sylvia Chenery

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Neighborhood Watch or Home Watch is internationally regarded as the largest voluntary crime prevention activity in the world. It is typically citizen instigated and police facilitated, ... More

Network Perspectives on Crime  

Jason Gravel and George E. Tita

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Though often not mentioned by name, the importance of social networks in explaining criminal behavior, delinquency, and patterns has long been recognized in the study of crime. Theories ... More

News Media and African Genocide  

Joachim Savelsberg and Wahutu Siguru

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Today, genocides and other episodes of mass violence are, under specific circumstances, subject to extensive media reporting. A case in point is the mass violence in Darfur, unfolding ... More

Nordic Noir  

Annette Hill and Susan Turnbull

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Nordic noir is an emerging crime genre that draws on crime fiction, feature film, and television drama. The term Nordic noir is associated with a region (Scandinavia), with a mood (gloomy ... More

Offensive Language Crimes in Law, Media, and Popular Culture  

Elyse Methven

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
In Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom, public order laws criminalize the use of swearing, offensive, or abusive language in a public place. Police officers use these laws as tools ... More

Online Crime  

Majid Yar

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
The development of the Internet and related communication technologies has had a transformative effect upon social, political, economic, and cultural life. It has also facilitated the ... More

Online Fraud  

Cassandra Cross

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Each year, millions of individuals worldwide find themselves victims of online fraud. Whether it is responding to a fraudulent email with bank account details or being defrauded through a ... More

Organized Child Sexual Abuse in the Media  

Michael Salter

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Organized sexual abuse refers to the coordinated sexual abuse of multiple children by multiple perpetrators. It has proved to be a particularly controversial form of sexual abuse. Initial ... More

Organized Crime Mythologies  

Patricia (Paddy) Rawlinson

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Organized crime is one of the most popular topics of media attention within the crime genre, providing a plethora of fictional representations and factual explanations for popular ... More

Pathways to Crime  

Breanna Boppre, Emily J. Salisbury, and Jaclyn Parker

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Scholarship in criminology has focused on individuals’ pathways to crime—how life experiences, often beginning during childhood, lead to criminality in adolescence or adulthood. General ... More

Pecuniary Punishments  

Patricia Faraldo-Cabana

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The genealogy of pecuniary punishments is a story of constant reformulation in response to shifting political pressures, changes in institutional and administrative arrangements, and ... More

Philosophies of Punishment  

Jerry Cederblom

Subject:
Sentencing
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Place-Based Simulation Modeling: Agent-Based Modeling and Virtual Environments  

Nick Malleson, Alison Heppenstall, and Andrew Crooks

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Since the earliest geographical explorations of criminal phenomena, scientists have come to the realization that crime occurrences can often be best explained by analysis at local scales. ... More

Place Managers and Crime Places  

John E. Eck

Place management theory—a part of routine activity theory—explains why a relatively few places have a great deal of crime while most places have little or no crime. The explanation is the ... More

Police and the News Media  

Ted Gest

Online publication date:
Sep 2019
Police and the media have had a close relationship but it has become an increasingly uneasy one. For more than a century, the mainstream United States media—mainly newspapers, radio, ... More

Police Cooperation Across Jurisdictions  

Frederic Lemieux

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Subject:
Policing
Since the end of the Second World War, police cooperation has experienced several transformations affecting the conduct of law enforcement operations across jurisdictions. These critical ... More

Police Corruption  

Leslie Holmes

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Police Dramas on Television  

Ken Dowler

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Since the inception of television, portrayal of crime and justice has been a central feature on television. In particular, the police are featured as prominent characters in many fictional ... More

Police, Media, and Popular Culture  

Alyce McGovern and Nickie D. Phillips

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
The relationship between the police and the media is complex, multidimensional, and contingent. Since the development of modern-day policing, the police and the media have interacted with ... More

Police Officer Suicide  

John M. Violanti

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Subject:
Policing
All too often we emphasize the dangers of police work, but seem to neglect the hidden psychological danger of this profession. Suicide is a consequence of that hidden danger. It is a clear ... More

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