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Body Cameras and Policing  

Bryce Elling Peterson and Daniel S. Lawrence

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Body-worn cameras (BWCs) are small devices that police officers can affix to their person—in a head-, shoulder-, or chest-mounted position—that can audio and video record their ... More

Campus Policing  

Kenneth J. Peak

Online publication date:
May 2018
Subject:
Policing
Since 9/11 and the burgeoning number of mass shootings across the United States (one of the more recent such tragedies, at a Parkland, Florida high school in February 2018, resulted in 17 ... More

Consent Decrees and Police Reform  

John L. Worrall and Zachary A. Powell

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Subject:
Policing
Charged with enforcing the law and regulating human behavior, the police have considerable leeway in their ability to control the population. On occasion, situations arise in which police ... More

Crime Hot Spots  

David Weisburd and Sean Wire

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Hot spots of crime, and the criminology of place more generally, deviate from the traditional paradigm of criminology, in which the primary assumption and goal is to explain who is likely ... More

Critical Challenges to Police Officer Wellness  

Brooke McQuerrey Tuttle, Daniel M. Blumberg, and Konstantinos Papazoglou

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Subject:
Policing
Police officers face unique challenges in the line of duty that threaten their health and well-being. Officers experience organizational, operational, community-related, and personal ... More

Errors of Justice in Policing  

Brian Forst

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Subject:
Policing
Errors of justice are a serious problem, and the police contribute substantially to them. Much can be done to reduce these errors, involving overreaction, underreaction, and misreaction ... More

Online Fraud  

Cassandra Cross

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Each year, millions of individuals worldwide find themselves victims of online fraud. Whether it is responding to a fraudulent email with bank account details or being defrauded through a ... More

Place Managers and Crime Places  

John E. Eck

Place management theory—a part of routine activity theory—explains why a relatively few places have a great deal of crime while most places have little or no crime. The explanation is the ... More

Police Cooperation Across Jurisdictions  

Frederic Lemieux

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Subject:
Policing
Since the end of the Second World War, police cooperation has experienced several transformations affecting the conduct of law enforcement operations across jurisdictions. These critical ... More

Police Corruption  

Leslie Holmes

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Police Officer Suicide  

John M. Violanti

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Subject:
Policing
All too often we emphasize the dangers of police work, but seem to neglect the hidden psychological danger of this profession. Suicide is a consequence of that hidden danger. It is a clear ... More

Police Training and Education  

John DeCarlo

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Subject:
Policing
The issue of educational entry requirements for police officers has been a perennial one. Since August Vollmer first broached the topic of police education as a serious consideration, ... More

Police Violence  

Jenna Milani, Ben Bradford, and Jonathan Jackson

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Subject:
Policing
The ability of the police to assert social control and reproduce social order depends, crucially, on the capacity to use force to achieve these ends—whether when restraining someone ... More

Policing American Gangs and Gang Members  

Madeleine Novich

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Gangs have been subjects of extensive empirical research since the 1920s. Scholarly interest in gangs was largely due to gang members’ increased likelihood of engaging in delinquent ... More

Policing and Gang Violence Prevention  

Victor Mora

Subject:
Policing
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Policing Sex Workers  

Susan Dewey

Online publication date:
May 2018
Subject:
Policing
Regulatory and legal approaches to prostitution are subject to considerable debate among researchers, policymakers, and those tasked with the everyday enforcement of measures intended to ... More

Private vs. Public Policing: Innovation and Creativity in Local Law Enforcement  

Stephen T. Holmes, Ross Wolf, and Bryan M. Holmes

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Subject:
Policing
Private and public policing agencies share a rich history. Each was set up, designed, and organized to address specific problems, whether street crime or corporate security. Each ... More

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