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A Review of the Validity of Juvenile Risk Assessment Across Race/Ethnicity  

Christina Campbell and William Miller

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Juvenile risk assessment instruments have provided juvenile courts with the opportunity to make standardized decisions concerning sentences and intervention needs. Risk assessments have ... More

Crime, Diversity, Culture, and Cultural Defense  

Clara Rigoni

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Contemporary societies are culturally diverse. This diversity can be the result of different historical and social processes and might affect the uniformity and efficiency of criminal ... More

The Death Penalty in the 21st Century  

Daniel LaChance

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
The dawn of the 21st century marked a turning point in the history of the American death penalty. Politically, the death penalty seemed vulnerable. A wave of abolitionism not seen since ... More

Examining the School-to-Prison Pipeline Metaphor  

Kayla Crawley and Paul Hirschfield

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The school-to-prison pipeline (STPP) is a commonly used metaphor that was developed to describe the many ways in which schools have become a conduit to the juvenile and criminal justice ... More

The History of Gangs and Gang Research  

Mark S. Fleisher

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Radical culture change instigated by conflict among diverse cultural groups has had adverse social and psychological effects witnessed by the rise of youth gangs. A close look at the ... More

Image-Based Sexual Abuse  

Asher Flynn and Nicola Henry

Image-based sexual abuse (IBSA) is a form of technology-facilitated sexual violence. The term describes a pattern of behaviors involving the nonconsensual creation, distribution, or ... More

Race, Ethnicity, and Sentencing  

Jeffrey Ulmer

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Much has been written about mass incarceration and how it has fallen especially hard on people of color. Given their representation in the U.S. population, for example, black and Hispanic ... More

Race, Ethnicity, and Street Gang Involvement in an American Context  

Adrienne Freng

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Race and ethnicity represent a pivotal issue in almost any conversation regarding gang members. These two concepts have been invariably linked in both research and the larger social world. ... More

Race, Ethnicity, and the War on Terror  

Kelly Welch

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
The unofficial War on Terror that began in the wake of the September 11, 2001 terror attacks in the United States expanded a wide range of formal social controls as well as more informal ... More

Racial Inequality in Punishment  

Marisa Omori and Oshea Johnson

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
There have been two major approaches to studying racial and ethnic inequality in punishment: The first approach comes from the sociology of punishment and social inequality literatures, ... More

Sentencing Guideline Departures  

Kimberly Kaiser

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Sentencing guidelines were created with the goal of reducing unwarranted disparities in sentencing outcomes based on race, gender, and other legally irrelevant characteristics in order to ... More

The (In)visibility of Race in Twentieth-Century Crime Films  

Taunya Lovell Banks

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Crime films defy precise definition. This category includes traditional courtroom films like Witness for the Prosecution (1957), detective films like Gone Girl (2014), prison films like ... More

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