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A Review of the Validity of Juvenile Risk Assessment Across Race/Ethnicity  

Christina Campbell and William Miller

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Juvenile risk assessment instruments have provided juvenile courts with the opportunity to make standardized decisions concerning sentences and intervention needs. Risk assessments have ... More

Crime, Diversity, Culture, and Cultural Defense  

Clara Rigoni

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Contemporary societies are culturally diverse. This diversity can be the result of different historical and social processes and might affect the uniformity and efficiency of criminal ... More

Critical Criminologies  

Walter S. DeKeseredy

There is no single critical criminology. Rather, there are critical criminologies with different histories, methods, theories, and political perspectives. However, critical criminology is ... More

The Death Penalty in the 21st Century  

Daniel LaChance

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
The dawn of the 21st century marked a turning point in the history of the American death penalty. Politically, the death penalty seemed vulnerable. A wave of abolitionism not seen since the ... More

Examining the School-to-Prison Pipeline Metaphor  

Kayla Crawley and Paul Hirschfield

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The school-to-prison pipeline (STPP) is a commonly used metaphor that was developed to describe the many ways in which schools have become a conduit to the juvenile and criminal justice ... More

Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing  

Brooke B. Chambers and Joachim J. Savelsberg

Genocide and ethnic cleansing are among the most deadly human-made catastrophes. Together with other forms of government violence, such as war crimes and crimes against humanity, the death ... More

The History of Gangs and Gang Research  

Mark S. Fleisher

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Radical culture change instigated by conflict among diverse cultural groups has had adverse social and psychological effects witnessed by the rise of youth gangs. A close look at the ... More

Hyperincarceration and Indigeneity  

Thalia Anthony and Harry Blagg

Indigenous people have been subject to policies that disproportionately incarcerate them since the genesis of colonization of their lands. Incarceration is one node of a field of colonial ... More

Image-Based Sexual Abuse  

Asher Flynn and Nicola Henry

Image-based sexual abuse (IBSA) is a form of technology-facilitated sexual violence. The term describes a pattern of behaviors involving the nonconsensual creation, distribution, or threats ... More

LGBT People in Prison: Management Strategies, Human Rights Violations, and Political Mobilization  

Jason A. Brown and Valerie Jenness

In the 21st century, an unprecedented rise in the visibility of and social acceptance for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people has been accompanied by exponential growth in ... More

Police Response to Juvenile Gangs and Gang Violence  

Victor Mora

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Street gangs are prevalent throughout the United States. Recently, law enforcement agencies estimated there are approximately 30,000 gangs and 850,000 gang members across the United States. ... More

Proactive Policing and Terrorism  

Badi Hasisi, Simon Perry, and Michael Wolfowicz

Online publication date:
Jun 2020
Over the last few decades, one of the most pressing issues for governments, societies, and the law enforcement agencies that serve and protect them has been the threat of terrorism. Given ... More

The Quantitative Study of Terrorist Events: Challenges and Opportunities  

Jonathan Grossman and Ami Pedahzur

Since 2001, unprecedented resources have been invested in research into global terrorism, resulting in a dramatic rise in the number of academic publications on the topic. Works by scholars ... More

Race, Ethnicity, and Sentencing  

Jeffrey Ulmer

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Much has been written about mass incarceration and how it has fallen especially hard on people of color. Given their representation in the U.S. population, for example, black and Hispanic ... More

Race, Ethnicity, and Street Gang Involvement in an American Context  

Adrienne Freng

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Race and ethnicity represent a pivotal issue in almost any conversation regarding gang members. These two concepts have been invariably linked in both research and the larger social world. ... More

Race, Ethnicity, and the War on Terror  

Kelly Welch

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
The unofficial War on Terror that began in the wake of the September 11, 2001 terror attacks in the United States expanded a wide range of formal social controls as well as more informal ... More

Racial Inequality in Punishment  

Marisa Omori and Oshea Johnson

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
There have been two major approaches to studying racial and ethnic inequality in punishment: The first approach comes from the sociology of punishment and social inequality literatures, and ... More

Sentencing Guideline Departures  

Kimberly Kaiser

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Sentencing guidelines were created with the goal of reducing unwarranted disparities in sentencing outcomes based on race, gender, and other legally irrelevant characteristics in order to ... More

Street Gang Member Characteristics  

Finn-Aage Esbensen and L. Thomas Winfree

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
The socio-demographic characteristics of gang-involved youth are a focal concern of contemporary gang researchers; policy analysts; politicians; and, in many cases, the general public. A ... More

The (In)visibility of Race in Twentieth-Century Crime Films  

Taunya Lovell Banks

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Crime films defy precise definition. This category includes traditional courtroom films like Witness for the Prosecution (1957), detective films like Gone Girl (2014), prison films like The ... More

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