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Anomie Theory  

Jón Gunnar Bernburg

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Originating in the tradition of classical sociology (Durkheim, Merton), anomie theory posits how broad social conditions influence deviant behavior and crime. The French sociologist Émile ... More

Consumer Fraud  

Shanna R. Van Slyke and Leslie A. Corbo

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Consumer fraud is the intentional deception of one or more individuals with the promise of goods, services, or other financial benefits that either never existed, were never going to be ... More

Corporate Crime and the State  

Adam Ghazi-Tehrani

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
State-corporate crime is defined as criminal acts that occur when one or more institutions of political governance pursue a goal in direct cooperation with one or more institutions of ... More

Detecting Healthcare Fraud and Abuse in the United States  

Paul Jesilow and Bryan Burton

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Healthcare fraud involves wide-ranging illegal behaviors. It includes such activities as individual physicians who bill insurance companies or the government for services that were never ... More

Environmental Crime  

Carole Gibbs and Rachel Boratto

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Environmental crime is a complex and ambiguous term for several reasons. It is sometimes used as an umbrella term for crimes related to biodiversity, wildlife, animals, natural resources, ... More

Extortion and Extortion Racketeering  

Atanas Rusev

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Extortion as a crime has long attracted the interest of scholars, and much effort has been put into coining a precise definition that would allow distinguishing it from other similar ... More

Finance Crime  

Arjan Reurink

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Finance crime, that is, white-collar crime that occurs in the markets for financial goods and services, appears to be pervasive in 21st-century capitalism. Since the outbreak of the global ... More

Individual, Educational, and Other Social Influences on Greed: Implications for the Study of White-Collar Crime  

Long Wang, Ziwei Wang, and David H. Weng

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Greed is a central part of human nature. In history, feudal barons and kings, as war profiteers, continued to engage in war to acquire more after they had accumulated excessive wealth; in ... More

International Criminology: Concept, History, Developments, and Institutions  

Gema Varona and José Luis de la Cuesta

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
In a broad sense, international criminology can be described as the set of activities related to crime prevention and control, coming from the academia, public and private institutions and ... More

Legal and Political Reponses to White-Collar Crime  

Tomomi Kawasaki

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
American responses to white-collar crime, especially corporate wrongdoing, passed a turning point in 1991 with the enactment of the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations, which ... More

Online Fraud  

Cassandra Cross

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Each year, millions of individuals worldwide find themselves victims of online fraud. Whether it is responding to a fraudulent email with bank account details or being defrauded through a ... More

Political Corruption and State Crime  

Clayton Peoples and James E. Sutton

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
The state is responsible for maintaining law and order in society and protecting the people. Sometimes it fails to fulfill these responsibilities; in other cases, it actively harms people. ... More

Public Knowledge About White-Collar Crime  

Cedric Michel

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
A considerable body of research on societal response to white-collar and corporate crime has evidenced a hardening of public attitudes, including increased perceived seriousness of ... More

Statistical Analysis of White-Collar Crime  

Gerald Cliff and April Wall-Parker

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
As far back as the 19th century, statistics on reported crime have been relied upon as a means to understand and explain the nature and prevalence of crime (Friedrichs, 2007). Measurements ... More

Theoretical Perspectives on White-Collar Crime  

Michael Levi

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
White-collar crime has not developed in a linear way as an academic subject. Its definition remains contested, between those who consider that, when deciding on the boundaries of what we ... More

White-Collar Delinquency  

Andrea Schoepfer

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Studies of white-collar crime have largely focused on the crimes and immoral and unethical actions of adults during the course of their legitimate occupations, yet adults are not the only ... More

Wildlife Crime  

Rachel Boratto and Carole Gibbs

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Wildlife crime is an area of study typically defined from a legalistic perspective as an act in contravention of laws protecting wildlife. These crimes occur both within and across ... More

Women and White-Collar Crime  

Mary Dodge

Women and white-collar crime is a topic that has, overall, received little attention in the literature. Initially, women were omitted from discussion and research because of their lack of ... More

Worker Health and Safety  

Steven Tombs and David Whyte

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
From the best estimates we have, workers die as a result of health and safety crimes at perhaps 70 times the rate of people who are murdered and perhaps 15 times the rate of people killed ... More

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