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Letter from the editor

Race, Ethnicity, and Retirement Security in the United States

"In theory, retirement security follows from a lifetime of work and savings. People save and contribute to public retirement benefits while they work. They then are able to maintain their expenses and avoid poverty and material hardship, such as an inability to pay for necessary healthcare, as they get older. ..." – By Dania V. Francis and Christian E. Weller

Business Cycles and Apprenticeships

"We limit our discussion to apprenticeships in which a firm not only provides part of the training but also makes the recruitment decision. In many apprenticeship systems, the decisions regarding the number of training opportunities in particular training occupations are made by schools, which then look for work placements with firms for the later part of the training. ..." – By Samuel Muehlemann and Stefan Wolter

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