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Letter from the editor

The Economics of Identity and Conflict

"Conflict and competition are as common in day-to-day life as cooperation and acquaintance. People engage in conflict for various reasons. It can be due to the eagerness to win over others, to avoid losing, or to break away from a (bad) status quo. Conflict also emerges because of various behavioral factors of the involved parties, such as pride, spitefulness, and feeling of insult—to name a few. ..." – By Subhasish M. Chowdhury

The Contribution of Vocational Education and Training to Innovation and Growth

"Despite this traditional view that high-quality innovation requires academically educated workers, some countries with strong VET systems always appear among the leading innovators in international innovation rankings. For example, Switzerland and Germany often rank among the top five or top ten countries in terms of innovation,1 thereby surpassing countries that exhibit much higher percentages of students with tertiary-level degrees acquired solely through academic education..." – By Uschi Backes-Gellner and Patrick Lehnert

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