Welcome to the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance

Learn more

Letter from the editor

Commodity Market Integration

"The existence of well-organized markets is an essential precondition for division of labor and ultimately for the orderly functioning of any nonsubsistence economy. Most economic historians of the preindustrial world, a period of slow and intermittent technical progress, regard the development of markets as an essential source of (“Smithian”) economic growth..." – By Giovanni Federico

The Role of Uncertainty in Controlling Climate Change

"The broad perspective of uncertainty applied in this review includes parameter uncertainty, risk, model uncertainty, scenario uncertainty, policy uncertainty, ambiguity, and misspecification. The article focuses on the first five types of uncertainty and methods for making decisions in the face of these uncertainties. ..." – By Yongyang Cai

What's New to the OREs

In February 2021, more than 190 new and 14 revised articles have been published on the Oxford Research Encyclopedias platform. Explore the recently published articles now.

Three More Encyclopedias Available via Subscription and Perpetual Access

On May 28, the Oxford Research Encyclopedias of Business and Management, Economics and Finance, and Neuroscience will be available via subscription. After a successful free period during development, the OREs provide in-depth overviews of the major areas of research and will continue to grow with the field over time. If you're a librarian, explore Subscriber Services to learn how to provide access to the OREs for your institution. If you're not a librarian, you can recommend the OREs to your librarian here.

Why the Oxford Research Encyclopedia?

With today’s overabundance of information, and misinformation, students and researchers alike can be overwhelmed in identifying what’s trustworthy, what’s up-to-date, and what’s accurate..

Explore by Discipline

Working with international communities of scholars across all fields of study, we are developing new comprehensive collections of in-depth, peer-reviewed summaries on an ever-growing range of topics..

For Librarians

Oxford University Press offers a variety of tools to help you promote your access to the Oxford Research Encyclopedias and get the most out of these resources.

Recently Published

Browse recently published articles by month, including summaries and previews of forthcoming full-text articles.