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Contracts and Working Conditions in Medicine  

Helen Hayes and Matt Sutton

Online publication date:
May 2019
Contracts and working conditions are important influences on the medical workforce that must be carefully constructed and considered by policymakers. Contracts involve an enforceable ... More

Corporate Governance and Enterprise Governance  

Brett McDonnell

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Corporate governance includes legal, contractual, and market mechanisms that structure decision-making within business corporations. Most attention has focused on corporate governance in ... More

Corruption and Development: A Reappraisal  

Alina Mungiu-Pippidi and Till Hartmann

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Corruption and development are two mutually related concepts equally shifting in meaning across time. The predominant 21st-century view of government that regards corruption as ... More

Creative Destruction, Technology Disruption, and Growth  

Thomas Clarke

The origins of modern technological change provide the context necessary to understand present-day technological transformation, to investigate the impact of the new digital technologies, ... More

Crises in the Housing Market: Causes, Consequences, and Policy Lessons  

Carlos Garriga and Aaron Hedlund

The global financial crisis of 2007–2009 helped usher in a stronger consensus about the central role that housing plays in shaping economic activity, particularly during large boom and ... More

Data Revisions and Real-Time Forecasting  

Michael P. Clements and Ana Beatriz Galvão

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
At a given point in time, a forecaster will have access to data on macroeconomic variables that have been subject to different numbers of rounds of revisions, leading to varying degrees of ... More

Design of Discrete Choice Experiments  

Deborah J. Street and Rosalie Viney

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Discrete choice experiments are a popular stated preference tool in health economics and have been used to address policy questions, establish consumer preferences for health and ... More

Developmental Origins of Health Inequality  

Gabriella Conti, Giacomo Mason, and Stavros Poupakis

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Building on early animal studies, 20th-century researchers increasingly explored the fact that early events—ranging from conception to childhood—affect a child’s health trajectory in the ... More

Disability and Economic Development  

Marc Suhrcke

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
While definitional and measurement problems pose a challenge, there is no doubt that disability affects a noticeable share of the population, the vast majority of whom live in low- and ... More

Econometrics of Stated Preferences  

Denzil G. Fiebig and Hong Il Yoo

Stated preference methods are used to collect individual level data on what respondents say they would do when faced with a hypothetical but realistic situation. The hypothetical nature of ... More

Economic Evaluation of Medical Devices  

Michael Drummond, Rosanna Tarricone, and Aleksandra Torbica

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
There are a number of challenges in the economic evaluation of medical devices (MDs). They are typically less regulated than pharmaceuticals, and the clinical evidence requirements for ... More

Economic Evaluation of Medical Screening  

Eline Aas, Emily Burger, and Kine Pedersen

The objective of medical screening is to prevent future disease (secondary prevention) or to improve prognosis by detecting the disease at an earlier stage (early detection). This involves ... More

Economic Geography and Trade  

Anthony J. Venables

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Economic activity is unevenly distributed across space, both internationally and within countries. What determines this spatial distribution, and how is it shaped by trade? Classical trade ... More

Economic History of Ming-Qing and Modern China  

Kent Deng

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
The Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) marked in the long history of China a period of cultural, political, demographic, and economic renaissance, after less than a century (1271–1368) of rule by ... More

Economic Incentives, Risk Behaviors, and HIV  

Sandra G. Sosa-Rubí and Omar Galárraga

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Conditional economic incentives are a theoretically grounded approach for eliciting behavior change. The rationale stems from present-biased preferences, by which individuals attach ... More

Economic Life in Late Medieval and Early Modern Spain, 1085–1815  

Hilario Casado Alonso and Teofilo F. Ruiz

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
The period between 1085 to 1815 witnessed important transformations in Spain’s economic history. The transition from a frontier society to one of the largest empires in the world was soon ... More

Economics and Family Law  

Antony W. Dnes

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Economists increasingly connect legal changes to behavioral responses that many family law experts fail to see. Incentives matter in families, which respond to changes in legal regulation. ... More

Economics and Genetics  

Jason M. Fletcher

Two interrelated advances in genetics have occurred which have ushered in the growing field of genoeconomics. The first is a rapid expansion of so-called big data featuring genetic ... More

Economics of Agglomeration  

Jacques-François Thisse

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Despite the drop in transport and commuting costs since the mid-19th century, sizable and lasting differences across locations at very different spatial scales remain the most striking ... More

Economics of Cancer Prevention and Control  

Ya-Chen Tina Shih

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
The goal of cancer prevention and control is to reduce cancer risk, morbidity, and mortality through transdisciplinary collaborations across biomedical, behavioral, and social sciences. ... More

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