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Evaluation of Mental Health Interventions  

Martin Knapp

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Mental illnesses are highly prevalent and can have considerable, enduring consequences for individuals, families, communities, and economies. Despite these high prevalence rates, mental ... More

The Evolution of Forecast Density Combinations in Economics  

Knut Are Aastveit, James Mitchell, Francesco Ravazzolo, and Herman K. van Dijk

Increasingly, professional forecasters and academic researchers in economics present model-based and subjective or judgment-based forecasts that are accompanied by some measure of ... More

Evolution of the Family: Theory and Implications for Economics  

Ingela Alger and Donald Cox

Which parent can be expected to be more altruistic toward their child, the mother or father? All else equal, can we expect older generation members to be more solicitous of younger family ... More

Exchange Rate Policies and Economic Development  

Eduardo Levy Yeyati

Online publication date:
May 2019
While traditional economic literature often sees nominal variables as irrelevant for the real economy, there is a vast body of analytical and empirical economic work that recognizes that, ... More

Exchange Rates, Interest Parity, and the Carry Trade  

Craig Burnside

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
The uncovered interest parity (UIP) condition states that the interest rate differential between two currencies is the expected rate of change of their exchange rate. Empirically, however, ... More

Experimental Economics and Experimental Sociology  

Johanna Gereke and Klarita Gërxhani

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Experimental economics has moved beyond the traditional focus on market mechanisms and the “invisible hand” by applying sociological and socio-psychological knowledge in the study of ... More

Famines, Hunger, and Later-Life Health  

Gerard J. van den Berg and Maarten Lindeboom

Modern-day famines are caused by unusual impediments or interventions in society, effectively imposing severe market restrictions and preventing the free movement of people and goods. ... More

Financial Frictions in Macroeconomic Models  

Alfred Duncan and Charles Nolan

In recent decades, macroeconomic researchers have looked to incorporate financial intermediaries explicitly into business-cycle models. These modeling developments have helped us to ... More

Financial Protection Against Medical Expense  

Owen O'Donnell

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Financial protection is claimed to be an important objective of health policy. Yet there is a lack of clarity about what it is and no consensus on how to measure it. This impedes the ... More

Financial Strain and Health  

Irina Grafova

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
One of the most fundamental results in health economics is that a greater socio-economic status is associated with better health outcomes. However, the experience of financial pressure and ... More

Financing and Policy for Long-Term Care  

Alexandrina Stoyanova and David Cantarero-Prieto

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Long-term care (LTC) systems entitle frail and disabled people, who experience declines in physical and mental capacities, to quality care and support from an appropriately trained ... More

Foreign Direct Investment and International Technology Diffusion  

Difei Geng and Kamal Saggi

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Foreign direct investment (FDI) plays an important role in facilitating the process of international technology diffusion. While FDI among industrialized countries primarily occurs via ... More

Frameworks for Priority Setting in Health and Social Care  

Marissa Collins, Neil McHugh, Rachel Baker, Alec Morton, Lucy Frith, Keith Syrett, and Cam Donaldson

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Health and social care organizations work within the context of limited resources. Different techniques to aid resource allocation and decision-making exist and are important as scarcity ... More

Frequency-Domain Approach in High-Dimensional Dynamic Factor Models  

Marco Lippi

High-Dimensional Dynamic Factor Models have their origin in macroeconomics, precisely in empirical research on Business Cycles. The central idea, going back to the work of Burns and ... More

From Clinical Outcomes to Health Utilities: The Role of Mapping to Bridge the Evidence Gap  

Mónica Hernández Alava

The assessment of health-related quality of life is crucially important in the evaluation of healthcare technologies and services. In many countries, economic evaluation plays a prominent ... More

General Equilibrium Theories of Spatial Agglomeration  

Marcus Berliant and Ping Wang

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
General equilibrium theories of spatial agglomeration are closed models of agent location that explain the formation and growth of cities. There are several types of such theories: ... More

Geographic Proximity and Science Parks  

Albert N. Link and John T. Scott

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Science parks, also called research parks, technology parks, or technopolis infrastructures, have increased rapidly in number as many countries have adopted the approach of bringing ... More

Geography of Growth and Development  

Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

The geography of economic activity refers to the distribution of population, production, and consumption of goods and services in geographic space. The geography of growth and development ... More

Globalization, Trade, and Health Economics  

Richard Smith and Johanna Hanefeld

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Global trade—the movement of goods, services, people, and capital between countries—is at the center of modern globalization. Since the late 20th century trade has also become established ... More

Global Spillovers in a Low Interest Rate Environment  

Sushant Acharya and Paolo Pesenti

Online publication date:
May 2019
Global policy spillovers can be defined as the effect of policy changes in one country on economic outcomes in other countries. The literature has mainly focused on monetary policy ... More

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