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Frequency-Domain Approach in High-Dimensional Dynamic Factor Models  

Marco Lippi

High-Dimensional Dynamic Factor Models have their origin in macroeconomics, precisely in empirical research on Business Cycles. The central idea, going back to the work of Burns and ... More

From Clinical Outcomes to Health Utilities: The Role of Mapping to Bridge the Evidence Gap  

Mónica Hernández Alava

The assessment of health-related quality of life is crucially important in the evaluation of healthcare technologies and services. In many countries, economic evaluation plays a prominent ... More

General Equilibrium Theories of Spatial Agglomeration  

Marcus Berliant and Ping Wang

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
General equilibrium theories of spatial agglomeration are closed models of agent location that explain the formation and growth of cities. There are several types of such theories: ... More

Geographic Proximity and Science Parks  

Albert N. Link and John T. Scott

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Science parks, also called research parks, technology parks, or technopolis infrastructures, have increased rapidly in number as many countries have adopted the approach of bringing ... More

Geography of Growth and Development  

Esteban Rossi-Hansberg

The geography of economic activity refers to the distribution of population, production, and consumption of goods and services in geographic space. The geography of growth and development ... More

Geography, Trade, and Power-Law Phenomena  

Pao-Li Chang and Wen-Tai Hsu

This article reviews interrelated power-law phenomena in geography and trade. Given the empirical evidence on the gravity equation in trade flows across countries and regions, its ... More

Global House Prices: Trends and Cycles  

Hites Ahir and Prakash Loungani

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
On average across countries, house prices have been on an upward trend over the past 50 years, following a 100-year period over which there was no long-term increase. The rising trend in ... More

Globalization, Trade, and Health Economics  

Richard Smith and Johanna Hanefeld

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Global trade—the movement of goods, services, people, and capital between countries—is at the center of modern globalization. Since the late 20th century trade has also become established ... More

Global Spillovers in a Low Interest Rate Environment  

Sushant Acharya and Paolo Pesenti

Online publication date:
May 2019
Global policy spillovers can be defined as the effect of policy changes in one country on economic outcomes in other countries. The literature has mainly focused on monetary policy ... More

Gravity Models and Empirical Trade  

Scott Baier and Samuel Standaert

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
The gravity model of international trade states that the volume of trade between two countries is proportional to their economic mass and a measure of their relative trade frictions. ... More

The Growth of Health Spending in the United States From 1776 to 2026  

Thomas E. Getzen

During the 18th and 19th centuries, medical spending in the United States rose slowly, on average about .25% faster than gross domestic product (GDP), and varied widely between rural and ... More

Guilds and the Economy  

Sheilagh Ogilvie

Online publication date:
May 2020
Guilds ruled many European crafts and trades from the Middle Ages to the Industrial Revolution. Each guild regulated entry to its occupation, requiring any practitioner to become a guild ... More

Health and Economic Growth  

David E. Bloom, Michael Kuhn, and Klaus Prettner

The strong observable correlation between health and economic growth is crucial for economic development and sustained well-being, but the underlying causality and mechanisms are difficult ... More

Healthcare System Challenges in Asia  

Winnie Yip

Online publication date:
May 2019
Important health system challenges in the east and southeast Asian countries/territories of Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Malaysia, China, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, the ... More

Health Economics of the Workplace: Workplace Accidents and Effects of Job Loss and Retirement  

Jan C. van Ours

Online publication date:
May 2019
There are three main topics in research on the effects of work on health. The first topic is workplace accidents where the main issues are reporting behavior and workplace safety ... More

Health Information Technology  

Jordan Everson and Melinda Beeuwkes Buntin

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
The potential for health information technology (HIT) to reshape the information-intensive healthcare industry has been recognized for decades. Nevertheless, the adoption and use of IT in ... More

Health Insurance and Labor Supply  

Gregory Colman, Dhaval Dave, and Otto Lenhart

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Health insurance depends on labor market activity more in the U.S. than in any other high-income country. A majority of the population are insured through an employer (known as ... More

Health Insurance and the Demand for Healthcare  

Michael Gerfin

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Health insurance increases the demand for healthcare. Since the RAND Health Insurance Experiment in the 1970s this has been demonstrated in many contexts and many countries. From an ... More

Health Insurance Plan Choice and Switching  

Joachim Winter and Amelie Wuppermann

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Choice of health insurance plans has become a key element of many healthcare systems around the world along with a general expansion of patient choice under the label of “Consumer-Directed ... More

Health Policy and Finance Challenges in Latin America and the Caribbean: An Economic Perspective  

André Medici and Maureen Lewis

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries have experienced a long-term process of improvement in populational health conditions, shifting their health priorities from child–mother care ... More

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