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Age-Period-Cohort Models  

Zoë Fannon and Bent Nielsen

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
Outcomes of interest often depend on the age, period, or cohort of the individual observed, where cohort and age add up to period. An example is consumption: consumption patterns change ... More

Aging and Healthcare Costs  

Martin Karlsson, Tor Iversen, and Henning Øien

An open issue in the economics literature is whether healthcare expenditure (HCE) is so concentrated in the last years before death that the age profiles in spending will change when ... More

Anthropometrics: The Intersection of Economics and Human Biology  

John Komlos

Anthropometrics is a research program that explores the extent to which economic processes affect human biological processes using height and weight as markers. This agenda differs from ... More

Antitrust Law as a Problem in Economics  

Chris Sagers

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
“Antitrust” or “competition law,” a set of policies now existing in most market economies, largely consists of two or three specific rules applied in more or less the same way in most ... More

Bayesian Statistical Economic Evaluation Methods for Health Technology Assessment  

Andrea Gabrio, Gianluca Baio, and Andrea Manca

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
The evidence produced by healthcare economic evaluation studies is a key component of any Health Technology Assessment (HTA) process designed to inform resource allocation decisions in a ... More

Bayesian Vector Autoregressions: Applications  

Silvia Miranda-Agrippino and Giovanni Ricco

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Bayesian vector autoregressions (BVARs) are standard multivariate autoregressive models routinely used in empirical macroeconomics and finance for structural analysis, forecasting, and ... More

Bayesian Vector Autoregressions: Estimation  

Silvia Miranda-Agrippino and Giovanni Ricco

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Vector autoregressions (VARs) are linear multivariate time-series models able to capture the joint dynamics of multiple time series. Bayesian inference treats the VAR parameters as random ... More

Behavioral and Social Corporate Finance  

Henrik Cronqvist and Désirée-Jessica Pély

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Financial Economics
Corporate finance is about understanding the determinants and consequences of the investment and financing policies of corporations. In a standard neoclassical profit maximization ... More

Behavioral Corporate Finance: The Life Cycle of a CEO Career  

Marius Guenzel and Ulrike Malmendier

Online publication date:
Sep 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Financial Economics
One of the fastest-growing areas of finance research is the study of managerial biases and their implications for firm outcomes. Since the mid-2000s, this strand of behavioral corporate ... More

Behavioral Experiments in Health Economics  

Matteo M. Galizzi and Daniel Wiesen

The state-of-the-art literature at the interface between experimental and behavioral economics and health economics is reviewed by identifying and discussing 10 areas of potential debate ... More

The Biological Foundations of Economic Preferences  

Nikolaus Robalino and Arthur Robson

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Modern economic theory rests on the basic assumption that agents’ choices are guided by preferences. The question of where such preferences might have come from has traditionally been ... More

Boom-Bust Capital Flow Cycles  

Graciela Laura Kaminsky

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
This article examines the new trends in research on capital flows fueled by the 2007–2009 Global Crisis. Previous studies on capital flows focused on current account imbalances and net ... More

Bootstrapping in Macroeconometrics  

Helmut Herwartz and Alexander Lange

Online publication date:
May 2020
Unlike traditional first order asymptotic approximations, the bootstrap is a simulation method to solve inferential issues in statistics and econometrics conditional on the available sample ... More

The Business Cycle and Health  

Cristina Bellés-Obrero and Judit Vall Castelló

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
The impact of macroeconomic fluctuations on health and mortality rates has been a highly studied topic in the field of economics. Many studies, using fixed-effects models, find that ... More

Capital Controls: A Survey of the New Literature  

Alessandro Rebucci and Chang Ma

Online publication date:
Apr 2020
This paper reviews selected post–Global Financial Crisis theoretical and empirical contributions on capital controls and identifies three theoretical motives for the use of capital ... More

Challenges in Financing Universal Health Coverage in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Diane McIntyre, Amarech G. Obse, Edwine W. Barasa, and John E. Ataguba

Online publication date:
May 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Within the context of the Sustainable Development Goals, it is important to critically review research on healthcare financing in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) from the perspective of the ... More

Changes in Hospital Financing and Organization and Their Impact on Hospital Performance  

Jonas Schreyögg

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Since the 1980s policymakers have identified a wide range of policy interventions to improve hospital performance. Some of these have been initiated at the level of government, whereas ... More

China’s Economic Development  

Lawrence J. Lau

Online publication date:
May 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Economic Development
Chinese real gross domestic product (GDP) grew from US$369 billion in 1978 to US$12.7 trillion in 2017 (in 2017 prices and exchange rate), at almost 10% per annum, making the country the ... More

Choice Inconsistencies in the Demand for Private Health Insurance  

Olena Stavrunova

In many countries of the world, consumers choose their health insurance coverage from a large menu of often complex options supplied by private insurance companies. Economic benefits of the ... More

Clearinghouses and the Swaps Market: A Decade On  

Yesha Yadav

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Law and Economics
In the wake of the 2008 financial collapse, clearinghouses have emerged as critical players in the implementation of the post-crisis regulatory reform agenda. Recognizing serious ... More

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