Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance is now available via subscription and perpetual access. Visit About to learn more, meet the editorial board, or learn how to subscribe.

Dismiss

You are looking at  21-40 of 88 articles  for:

  • Health Economics x
Clear All

View:

The Economics of Childhood and Adolescent Obesity  

Nathan Tefft

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Obesity is widely recognized as a chronic disease characterized by an elevated risk of adverse health conditions in association with excess body fat accumulation. Obesity prevalence reached ... More

The Economics of Cognitive Aging  

Fabrizio Mazzonna and Franco Peracchi

Online publication date:
May 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Population aging, the combined effect of declining fertility and rising life expectancy, is one of the fundamental trends observed in developed counties and, increasingly, in developing ... More

The Economics of End-of-Life Spending  

Hans Olav Melberg

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
End-of-life spending is commonly defined as all health costs in the 12 months before death. Typically, the costs represent about 10% of all health expenses in many countries, and there is a ... More

The Economics of Families and Health  

Susan Averett and Jennifer Kohn

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
An individual’s health is produced in large part by family investments that start before birth and continue to the end of life. The health of an individual is intertwined with practically ... More

The Economics of Infectious Diseases  

Katharina Hauck

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Economics can make immensely valuable contributions to our understanding of infectious disease transmission and the design of effective policy responses. The one unique characteristic of ... More

The Economics of Informal Care  

Courtney Van Houtven, Fiona Carmichael, Josephine Jacobs, and Peter C. Coyte

Online publication date:
May 2019
Across the globe, the most common means of supporting older disabled adults in their homes is through “informal care.” An informal carer is a family member or friend, including children or ... More

The Economics of Long-Term Care  

Norman Bannenberg, Martin Karlsson, and Hendrik Schmitz

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics, Public Economics and Policy
Long-term care (LTC) is arguably the sector of the economy that is most sensitive to population aging: its recipients are typically older than 80 years whereas most care providers are of ... More

The Economics of Malaria Prevention  

Bénédicte Apouey, Gabriel Picone, and Joshua Wilde

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Malaria is a potentially life-threatening disease transmitted through the bites of female anopheline mosquitos infected with protozoan parasites. Malaria remains one of the major causes of ... More

The Economics of Smoking Prevention  

Philip DeCicca, Donald S. Kenkel, Michael F. Lovenheim, and Erik Nesson

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Smoking prevention has been a key component of health policy in developed nations for over half a century. Public policies to reduce the physical harm attributed to cigarette smoking, both ... More

Effectiveness and Availability of Treatment for Substance Use Disorders  

Dominic Hodgkin and Hilary S. Connery

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Drug and alcohol use disorders, also called substance use disorders (SUD), are among the major health problems facing many countries, contributing a substantial burden in terms of ... More

The Effect of Education on Health and Mortality: A Review of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Evidence  

Titus Galama, Adriana Lleras-Muney, and Hans van Kippersluis

Online publication date:
May 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Education is strongly associated with better health and longer lives. However, the extent to which education causes health and longevity is widely debated. We develop a human capital ... More

The Effect of Government Policy on Pharmaceutical Drug Innovation  

Ayman Chit and Paul Grootendorst

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics, Public Economics and Policy
Drug companies are profit-maximizing entities, and profit is, by definition, revenue less cost. Here we review the impact of government policies that affect sales revenues earned on newly ... More

The Effects of Prenatal Care on Birth Outcomes: Reconciling a Messy Literature  

Hope Corman, Dhaval Dave, and Nancy E. Reichman

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Prenatal care, one of the most frequently used forms of healthcare in the United States, involves a series of encounters during the gestational period, educates women about pregnancy, ... More

Equality of Opportunity in Health and Healthcare  

Florence Jusot and Sandy Tubeuf

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Recent developments in the analysis of inequality in health and healthcare have turned their interest into an explicit normative understanding of the sources of inequalities that calls upon ... More

Evaluation of Mental Health Interventions  

Martin Knapp

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Mental illnesses are highly prevalent and can have considerable, enduring consequences for individuals, families, communities, and economies. Despite these high prevalence rates, mental ... More

Famines, Hunger, and Later-Life Health  

Gerard J. van den Berg and Maarten Lindeboom

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Modern-day famines are caused by unusual impediments or interventions in society, effectively imposing severe market restrictions and preventing the free movement of people and goods. ... More

Financial Protection Against Medical Expense  

Owen O'Donnell

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics, Public Economics and Policy
Financial protection is claimed to be an important objective of health policy. Yet there is a lack of clarity about what it is and no consensus on how to measure it. This impedes the design ... More

Financial Strain and Health  

Irina Grafova

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
One of the most fundamental results in health economics is that a greater socio-economic status is associated with better health outcomes. However, the experience of financial pressure and ... More

Financing and Policy for Long-Term Care  

Alexandrina Stoyanova and David Cantarero-Prieto

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Long-term care (LTC) systems entitle frail and disabled people, who experience declines in physical and mental capacities, to quality care and support from an appropriately trained ... More

From Clinical Outcomes to Health Utilities: The Role of Mapping to Bridge the Evidence Gap  

Mónica Hernández Alava

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
The assessment of health-related quality of life is crucially important in the evaluation of healthcare technologies and services. In many countries, economic evaluation plays a prominent ... More

View: