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Models of Health and Addiction  

Audrey Laporte and Brian S. Ferguson

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
One of the implications of the human capital literature of the 1960s was that a great many decisions individuals make that have consequences not just for the point in time when the decision ... More

Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) in Healthcare Decision-Making  

Paul Hansen and Nancy Devlin

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) is increasingly used to support healthcare decision-making. MCDA involves decision makers evaluating the alternatives under consideration based on ... More

New Technologies and Costs in Healthcare  

Vincenzo Atella and Joanna Kopinska

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
New sanitation and health technology applied to treatments, procedures, and devices is constantly revolutionizing epidemiological patterns. Since the early 1900s it has been responsible for ... More

Noncompliance and Missing Data in Health Economic Evaluation  

Karla DiazOrdaz and Richard Grieve

Online publication date:
May 2019
Health economic evaluations face the issues of noncompliance and missing data. Here, noncompliance is defined as non-adherence to a specific treatment, and occurs within randomized ... More

Pay-for-Performance and Long-Term Care  

Jun Li and Edward C. Norton

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Pay-for-performance programs have become a prominent supply-side intervention to improve quality and decrease spending in health care, touching upon long-term care, acute care, and ... More

Poverty and Social Policy in the United States  

James P. Ziliak

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The interaction between poverty and social policy is an issue of longstanding interest in academic and policy circles. There are active debates on how to measure poverty, including where to ... More

Price Regulation and Pay-for-Performance in Public Health Systems  

Luigi Siciliani

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics, Industrial Organization
Payment systems based on fixed prices have become the dominant model to finance hospitals across OECD countries. In the early 1980s, Medicare in the United States introduced the Diagnosis ... More

Price Regulation and Pharmaceuticals  

A. McGuire

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Pharmaceutical expenditure accounts for approximately 20% of healthcare expenditure across the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. Pharmaceutical ... More

Public Finance and Soft Budgets  

Rosella Levaggi

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics, Public Economics and Policy
The concept of soft budget constraint, describes a situation where a decision-maker finds it impossible to keep an agent to a fixed budget. In healthcare it may refer to a (nonprofit) ... More

Qualitative Methods in Health Economics  

Joanna Coast and Manuela De Allegri

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Qualitative methods are being used increasingly by health economists, but most health economists are not trained in these methods and may need to develop expertise in this area. This ... More

Quality in Nursing Homes  

Matteo Lippi Bruni, Irene Mammi, and Rossella Verzulli

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
In developed countries, the role of public authorities as financing bodies and regulators of the long-term care sector is pervasive and calls for well-planned and informed policy actions. ... More

The Rationale for Interventions to Foster Child Development  

Samuel Berlinski and Marcos Vera-Hernández

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Socioeconomic gradients in health, cognitive, and socioemotional skills start at a very early age. Well-designed policy interventions in the early years can have a great impact in closing ... More

Returns to Health Spending in Low- and Middle-Income Countries  

Ijeoma Peace Edoka

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) bear a disproportionately high burden of diseases in comparison to high-income countries, partly due to inequalities in the distribution of ... More

Shared Prosperity: Concepts, Data, and Some Policy Examples  

Francisco H. G. Ferreira, Emanuela Galasso, and Mario Negre

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
“Shared prosperity” is a common phrase in current development policy discourse. Its most widely used operational definition—the growth rate in the average income of the poorest 40% of a ... More

Social Interactions in Health Behaviors and Conditions  

Ana Balsa and Carlos Díaz

Health behaviors are a major source of morbidity and mortality in the developed and much of the developing world. The social nature of many of these behaviors, such as eating or using ... More

Strategies to Counteract Risk Selection in Social Health Insurance Markets  

Richard C. van Kleef, Thomas G. McGuire, Frederik T. Schut, and Wynand P. M. M. van de Ven

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Many countries rely on social health insurance supplied by competing insurers to enhance fairness and efficiency in healthcare financing. Premiums in these settings are typically community ... More

Supplementary Health Insurance and Regulation of Healthcare Systems  

Brigitte Dormont

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Most developed nations provide generous coverage of care services, using either a tax financed healthcare system or social health insurance. Such systems pursue efficiency and equity in ... More

Technology, Productivity, and Costs in Healthcare  

Albert A. Okunade and Ahmad Reshad Osmani

Online publication date:
May 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
Healthcare cost encompasses expenditures on the totality of scarce resources (implicit and explicit) given up (or allocated) to produce healthcare goods (e.g., drugs and medical devices) ... More

The Economics of Dementia  

Sheelah Connolly

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics
In the coming years, it is predicted that there will be a significant increase in the number of people living with dementia and consequently, the demand for health and social care services. ... More

The Economics of Diet and Obesity: Public Policy  

Fabrice Etilé

The rise in obesity and other food-related chronic diseases has prompted public-health officials of local communities, national governments, and international institutions to pay attention ... More

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