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Health Insurance and Labor Supply  

Gregory Colman, Dhaval Dave, and Otto Lenhart

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Health insurance depends on labor market activity more in the U.S. than in any other high-income country. A majority of the population are insured through an employer (known as ... More

Health Insurance and the Demand for Healthcare  

Michael Gerfin

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Health insurance increases the demand for healthcare. Since the RAND Health Insurance Experiment in the 1970s this has been demonstrated in many contexts and many countries. From an ... More

Health Insurance Plan Choice and Switching  

Joachim Winter and Amelie Wuppermann

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Choice of health insurance plans has become a key element of many healthcare systems around the world along with a general expansion of patient choice under the label of “Consumer-Directed ... More

Health Policy and Finance Challenges in Latin America and the Caribbean: An Economic Perspective  

André Medici and Maureen Lewis

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries have experienced a long-term process of improvement in populational health conditions, shifting their health priorities from child–mother care ... More

Health Status Measurement  

John Mullahy

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Health status measurement issues arise across a wide spectrum of applications in empirical health economics research as well as in public policy, clinical, and regulatory contexts. It is ... More

Heterogeneity in Cost-Effectiveness Analysis  

Ciaran N. Kohli-Lynch and Andrew H. Briggs

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Cost-effectiveness analysis is conducted with the aim of maximizing population-level health outcomes given an exogenously determined budget constraint. Considerable health economic benefits ... More

Heterogeneous Firms, Trade Liberalization, and Welfare  

Alan Spearot

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
While the modern theory of international trade allows for many different modeling assumptions, the gains from trade can often be calculated using a common set of statistics. In particular, ... More

Home Bias in International Macroeconomics  

Viktoria Hnatkovska

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Home bias in international macroeconomics refers to the fact that investors around the world tend to allocate majority of their portfolios into domestic assets, despite the potential ... More

Human Capital Inequality: Empirical Evidence  

Brant Abbott and Giovanni Gallipoli

This article focuses on the distribution of human capital and its implications for the accrual of economic resources to individuals and households. Human capital inequality can be thought ... More

Human Punishment Behavior  

Erte Xiao

Punishment has been regarded as an important instrument to sustain human cooperation. A great deal of experimental research has been conducted to understand human punishment behavior, in ... More

Improving on Simple Majority Voting by Alternative Voting Mechanisms  

Jacob K. Goeree, Philippos Louis, and Jingjing Zhang

Majority voting is the predominant mechanism for collective decision making. It is used in a broad range of applications, spanning from national referenda to small group decision making. It ... More

Incentives and Performance of Healthcare Professionals  

Martin Chalkley

Economists have long regarded healthcare as a unique and challenging area of economic activity on account of the specialized knowledge of healthcare professionals (HCPs) and the relatively ... More

Incentives in Healthcare Payment Systems  

Ching-to Albert Ma and Henry Y. Mak

Health services providers receive payments mostly from private or public insurers rather than patients. Provider incentive problems arise because an insurer misses information about the ... More

The Indeterminacy School in Macroeconomics  

Roger E. A. Farmer

The indeterminacy school in macroeconomics exploits the fact that macroeconomic models often display multiple equilibria to understand real-world phenomena. There are two distinct phases in ... More

The Indian Economy After Independence  

Tirthankar Roy

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
The Indian Union, from the time of independence from British colonial rule, 1947, until now, has undergone shifts in the trajectory of economic change and the political context of economic ... More

Information, Risk Aversion, and Healthcare Economics  

Hendrik Schmitz and Svenja Winkler

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The terms information and risk aversion play central roles in healthcare economics. While risk aversion is among the main reasons for the existence of health insurance, information ... More

Insider Trading: A Clash Between Law and Economics  

Stephen F. Diamond

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Insider trading is not widely understood. Insiders of corporations can, in fact, buy and sell shares of those corporations. But, over time, Congress, the courts and the Securities and ... More

Institutions and Development: An Overview of Case Studies in China and India  

Pranab Bardhan

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
In contrast with the existing cross-country literature on institutions and development the overview in this article focuses instead on case studies of institutions at the disaggregated ... More

International Capital Flow Reversals (Sudden Stops)  

Eduardo A. Cavallo

Online publication date:
May 2019
Sudden stops in capital flows are a form of financial whiplash that creates instability and crises in the affected economies. Sudden stops in net capital flows trigger current account ... More

International Prices and Exchange Rate Pass-Through  

Ehsan U. Choudhri

Online publication date:
Apr 2020
Exchange rates often display sudden and large changes. There is considerable interest in examining how these changes affect prices, especially import and consumer prices. Exchange rate ... More

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