Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance is now available via subscription and perpetual access. Visit About to learn more, meet the editorial board, or learn how to subscribe.

Dismiss

You are looking at  101-120 of 204 articles

View:

Guilds and the Economy  

Sheilagh Ogilvie

Online publication date:
May 2020
Guilds ruled many European crafts and trades from the Middle Ages to the Industrial Revolution. Each guild regulated entry to its occupation, requiring any practitioner to become a guild ... More

Health and Economic Growth  

David E. Bloom, Michael Kuhn, and Klaus Prettner

The strong observable correlation between health and economic growth is crucial for economic development and sustained well-being, but the underlying causality and mechanisms are difficult ... More

Healthcare System Challenges in Asia  

Winnie Yip

Online publication date:
May 2019
Important health system challenges in the east and southeast Asian countries/territories of Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Malaysia, China, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, the ... More

Health Economics of the Workplace: Workplace Accidents and Effects of Job Loss and Retirement  

Jan C. van Ours

Online publication date:
May 2019
There are three main topics in research on the effects of work on health. The first topic is workplace accidents where the main issues are reporting behavior and workplace safety ... More

Health Information Technology  

Jordan Everson and Melinda Beeuwkes Buntin

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
The potential for health information technology (HIT) to reshape the information-intensive healthcare industry has been recognized for decades. Nevertheless, the adoption and use of IT in ... More

Health Insurance and Labor Supply  

Gregory Colman, Dhaval Dave, and Otto Lenhart

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Health insurance depends on labor market activity more in the U.S. than in any other high-income country. A majority of the population are insured through an employer (known as ... More

Health Insurance and the Demand for Healthcare  

Michael Gerfin

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Health insurance increases the demand for healthcare. Since the RAND Health Insurance Experiment in the 1970s this has been demonstrated in many contexts and many countries. From an ... More

Health Insurance Plan Choice and Switching  

Joachim Winter and Amelie Wuppermann

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Choice of health insurance plans has become a key element of many healthcare systems around the world along with a general expansion of patient choice under the label of “Consumer-Directed ... More

Health Policy and Finance Challenges in Latin America and the Caribbean: An Economic Perspective  

André Medici and Maureen Lewis

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries have experienced a long-term process of improvement in populational health conditions, shifting their health priorities from child–mother care ... More

Health Status Measurement  

John Mullahy

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Health status measurement issues arise across a wide spectrum of applications in empirical health economics research as well as in public policy, clinical, and regulatory contexts. It is ... More

Heterogeneity in Cost-Effectiveness Analysis  

Ciaran N. Kohli-Lynch and Andrew H. Briggs

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Cost-effectiveness analysis is conducted with the aim of maximizing population-level health outcomes given an exogenously determined budget constraint. Considerable health economic benefits ... More

Heterogeneous Firms, Trade Liberalization, and Welfare  

Alan Spearot

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
While the modern theory of international trade allows for many different modeling assumptions, the gains from trade can often be calculated using a common set of statistics. In particular, ... More

Home Bias in International Macroeconomics  

Viktoria Hnatkovska

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Home bias in international macroeconomics refers to the fact that investors around the world tend to allocate majority of their portfolios into domestic assets, despite the potential ... More

Human Capital Inequality: Empirical Evidence  

Brant Abbott and Giovanni Gallipoli

This article focuses on the distribution of human capital and its implications for the accrual of economic resources to individuals and households. Human capital inequality can be thought ... More

Human Punishment Behavior  

Erte Xiao

Punishment has been regarded as an important instrument to sustain human cooperation. A great deal of experimental research has been conducted to understand human punishment behavior, in ... More

Improving on Simple Majority Voting by Alternative Voting Mechanisms  

Jacob K. Goeree, Philippos Louis, and Jingjing Zhang

Majority voting is the predominant mechanism for collective decision making. It is used in a broad range of applications, spanning from national referenda to small group decision making. It ... More

Incentives and Performance of Healthcare Professionals  

Martin Chalkley

Economists have long regarded healthcare as a unique and challenging area of economic activity on account of the specialized knowledge of healthcare professionals (HCPs) and the relatively ... More

Incentives in Healthcare Payment Systems  

Ching-to Albert Ma and Henry Y. Mak

Health services providers receive payments mostly from private or public insurers rather than patients. Provider incentive problems arise because an insurer misses information about the ... More

The Indeterminacy School in Macroeconomics  

Roger E. A. Farmer

The indeterminacy school in macroeconomics exploits the fact that macroeconomic models often display multiple equilibria to understand real-world phenomena. There are two distinct phases in ... More

The Indian Economy After Independence  

Tirthankar Roy

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
The Indian Union, from the time of independence from British colonial rule, 1947, until now, has undergone shifts in the trajectory of economic change and the political context of economic ... More

View: