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Purchasing Power Parity and Real Exchange Rates  

Menzie D. Chinn

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
The idea that prices and exchange rates adjust so as to equalize the common-currency price of identical bundles of goods—purchasing power parity (PPP)—is a topic of central importance in ... More

Qualitative Methods in Health Economics  

Joanna Coast and Manuela De Allegri

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Qualitative methods are being used increasingly by health economists, but most health economists are not trained in these methods and may need to develop expertise in this area. This ... More

Quality in Nursing Homes  

Matteo Lippi Bruni, Irene Mammi, and Rossella Verzulli

In developed countries, the role of public authorities as financing bodies and regulators of the long-term care sector is pervasive and calls for well-planned and informed policy actions. ... More

The Rationale for Interventions to Foster Child Development  

Samuel Berlinski and Marcos Vera-Hernández

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Socioeconomic gradients in health, cognitive, and socioemotional skills start at a very early age. Well-designed policy interventions in the early years can have a great impact in closing ... More

Returns to Health Spending in Low- and Middle-Income Countries  

Ijeoma Peace Edoka

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) bear a disproportionately high burden of diseases in comparison to high-income countries, partly due to inequalities in the distribution of ... More

Social Interactions in Health Behaviors and Conditions  

Ana Balsa and Carlos Díaz

Health behaviors are a major source of morbidity and mortality in the developed and much of the developing world. The social nature of many of these behaviors, such as eating or using ... More

Statistical Significance and the Replication Crisis in the Social Sciences  

Anna Dreber and Magnus Johannesson

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
The recent “replication crisis” in the social sciences has led to increased attention on what statistically significant results entail. There are many reasons for why false positive ... More

Strategies to Counteract Risk Selection in Social Health Insurance Markets  

Richard C. van Kleef, Thomas G. McGuire, Frederik T. Schut, and Wynand P. M. M. van de Ven

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Many countries rely on social health insurance supplied by competing insurers to enhance fairness and efficiency in healthcare financing. Premiums in these settings are typically community ... More

Structural Breaks in Time Series  

Alessandro Casini and Pierre Perron

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
This article covers methodological issues related to estimation, testing, and computation for models involving structural changes. Our aim is to review developments as they relate to ... More

Supplementary Health Insurance and Regulation of Healthcare Systems  

Brigitte Dormont

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Most developed nations provide generous coverage of care services, using either a tax financed healthcare system or social health insurance. Such systems pursue efficiency and equity in ... More

Technology, Productivity, and Costs in Healthcare  

Albert A. Okunade and Ahmad Reshad Osmani

Online publication date:
May 2018
Healthcare cost encompasses expenditures on the totality of scarce resources (implicit and explicit) given up (or allocated) to produce healthcare goods (e.g., drugs and medical devices) ... More

The Economics of Diet and Obesity: Public Policy  

Fabrice Etilé

The rise in obesity and other food-related chronic diseases has prompted public-health officials of local communities, national governments, and international institutions to pay attention ... More

The Economics of Diet and Obesity: Understanding the Global Trends  

Fabrice Etilé and Lisa Oberlander

In the last several decades obesity rates have risen significantly. In 2014, 10.8% and 14.9% of the world’s men and women, respectively, were obese as compared with 3.2% and 6.4% in 1975. ... More

The Economics of Early Interventions Aimed at Child Development  

Samuel Berlinski and Marcos Vera-Hernández

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
A set of policies is at the center of the agenda on early childhood development: parenting programs, childcare regulation and subsidies, cash and in-kind transfers, and parental leave ... More

The Economics of Innovation, Knowledge Diffusion, and Globalization  

Nelson Lind and Natalia Ramondo

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
A recent body of literature on quantitative general equilibrium models links the creation and diffusion of knowledge and technology to openness to international trade and to the activity ... More

The Evolution of Mental Health Policy and Economics  

Sherry Glied and Richard Frank

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Mental health economics addresses problems that are common to all of health economics, but that occur with greater severity in this context. Several characteristics of mental health ... More

The Law and Economics of Mergers and Acquisitions  

Charles R. Korsmo

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Law and economics has proved a particularly fruitful scholarly approach in the field of mergers and acquisitions. A huge law and economics literature has developed, providing critical ... More

The Lifetime Dynamics of Health and Wealth  

Pascal St-Amour

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Life-cycle choices and outcomes over financial (e.g., savings, portfolio, work) and health-related variables (e.g., medical spending, habits, sickness, and mortality) are complex and ... More

The Spatial Dimension of Health Systems  

Elisa Tosetti, Rita Santos, Francesco Moscone, and Giuseppe Arbia

The spatial dimension of supply and demand factors is a very important feature of healthcare systems. Differences in health and behavior across individuals are due not only to personal ... More

The Value of a Statistical Life  

Thomas J. Kniesner and W. Kip Viscusi

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
The value of a statistical life (VSL) is the local tradeoff rate between fatality risk and money. When the tradeoff values are derived from choices in market contexts the VSL serves as ... More

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