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Choice Inconsistencies in the Demand for Private Health Insurance  

Olena Stavrunova

In many countries of the world, consumers choose their health insurance coverage from a large menu of often complex options supplied by private insurance companies. Economic benefits of the ... More

Competition and Quality in Healthcare  

Peter Sivey and Yijuan Chen

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Quality competition between alternative providers is an increasingly important topic in the health economics literature. This literature includes theoretical and empirical studies that have ... More

Developmental Origins of Health Inequality  

Gabriella Conti, Giacomo Mason, and Stavros Poupakis

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics, Public Economics and Policy
Building on early animal studies, 20th-century researchers increasingly explored the fact that early events—ranging from conception to childhood—affect a child’s health trajectory in the ... More

The Economics of End-of-Life Spending  

Hans Olav Melberg

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
End-of-life spending is commonly defined as all health costs in the 12 months before death. Typically, the costs represent about 10% of all health expenses in many countries, and there is a ... More

The Economics of Long-Term Care  

Norman Bannenberg, Martin Karlsson, and Hendrik Schmitz

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics, Public Economics and Policy
Long-term care (LTC) is arguably the sector of the economy that is most sensitive to population aging: its recipients are typically older than 80 years whereas most care providers are of ... More

The Effect of Government Policy on Pharmaceutical Drug Innovation  

Ayman Chit and Paul Grootendorst

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics, Public Economics and Policy
Drug companies are profit-maximizing entities, and profit is, by definition, revenue less cost. Here we review the impact of government policies that affect sales revenues earned on newly ... More

Equality of Opportunity in Health and Healthcare  

Florence Jusot and Sandy Tubeuf

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Recent developments in the analysis of inequality in health and healthcare have turned their interest into an explicit normative understanding of the sources of inequalities that calls upon ... More

Financial Protection Against Medical Expense  

Owen O'Donnell

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics, Public Economics and Policy
Financial protection is claimed to be an important objective of health policy. Yet there is a lack of clarity about what it is and no consensus on how to measure it. This impedes the design ... More

Health Information Technology  

Jordan Everson and Melinda Beeuwkes Buntin

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics, Public Economics and Policy
The potential for health information technology (HIT) to reshape the information-intensive healthcare industry has been recognized for decades. Nevertheless, the adoption and use of IT in ... More

Public Finance and Soft Budgets  

Rosella Levaggi

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Health Economics, Public Economics and Policy
The concept of soft budget constraint, describes a situation where a decision-maker finds it impossible to keep an agent to a fixed budget. In healthcare it may refer to a (nonprofit) ... More

Quality in Nursing Homes  

Matteo Lippi Bruni, Irene Mammi, and Rossella Verzulli

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
In developed countries, the role of public authorities as financing bodies and regulators of the long-term care sector is pervasive and calls for well-planned and informed policy actions. ... More

Shared Prosperity: Concepts, Data, and Some Policy Examples  

Francisco H. G. Ferreira, Emanuela Galasso, and Mario Negre

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
“Shared prosperity” is a common phrase in current development policy discourse. Its most widely used operational definition—the growth rate in the average income of the poorest 40% of a ... More

The Economics of Diet and Obesity: Public Policy  

Fabrice Etilé

The rise in obesity and other food-related chronic diseases has prompted public-health officials of local communities, national governments, and international institutions to pay attention ... More

The Economics of Diet and Obesity: Understanding the Global Trends  

Fabrice Etilé and Lisa Oberlander

In the last several decades obesity rates have risen significantly. In 2014, 10.8% and 14.9% of the world’s men and women, respectively, were obese as compared with 3.2% and 6.4% in 1975. ... More

The Economics of Early Interventions Aimed at Child Development  

Samuel Berlinski and Marcos Vera-Hernández

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
A set of policies is at the center of the agenda on early childhood development: parenting programs, childcare regulation and subsidies, cash and in-kind transfers, and parental leave ... More

The Spatial Dimension of Health Systems  

Elisa Tosetti, Rita Santos, Francesco Moscone, and Giuseppe Arbia

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
The spatial dimension of supply and demand factors is a very important feature of healthcare systems. Differences in health and behavior across individuals are due not only to personal ... More

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